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DNA Barcoding for Scorpion Species from New Valley Governorate in Egypt Reveals Different Degrees of Cryptic Speciation and Species Misnaming

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Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom 32952, Egypt
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Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt
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Zoology and Entomology Department, Faculty of Science, New Valley University, El-Kharga 72511, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Svein Øivind Solberg
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 21 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
(1) Background: Scorpions (Arthropoda: Arachnida) represent a diverse group of invertebrates, accounting for a significant proportion of earth’s predators and ecosystems’ modulators. Surviving mostly in hardly reachable nests, and representing key hazards to human health, they attracted major interest for characterizing their eco-, morpho-, and genotypes. (2) Methods: Four scorpion species were collected from the New Valley governorate in Upper Egypt, where a high level of scorpionism and related neurological symptoms are found, that were Leiurus quinquestriatus, Androctonus amoreuxi, Orthochirus innesi, Buthacus leptochelys. They were DNA barcoded, genetically and phylogenetically analyzed through PCR amplification and sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene hypervariable 5′ region. (3) Results: New, morphologically authenticated scorpion barcodes could be added to the barcoding databases. However, several discrepancies and barcode database inadequacies could be revealed. Moreover, taxon-specific patterns for nitrogenous bases’ distribution could be identified, resulting in a significantly high percentage of COI barcode guanine in scorpionids, in comparison to araneids and opilions. (4) Conclusions: For a group of animals where both cryptic speciation and a high risk of human envenomation are evident, the findings of the current study strongly recommend continuous and comprehensive research efforts dealing with morphogenetic authentication for different species of scorpions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Androctonus amoreuxi; Buthacus leptochelys; DNA barcoding; Leiurus quinquestriatus; misnaming; morphogenetic; Orthochirus innesi Androctonus amoreuxi; Buthacus leptochelys; DNA barcoding; Leiurus quinquestriatus; misnaming; morphogenetic; Orthochirus innesi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohammed-Geba, K.; Obuid-Allah, A.H.; El-Shimy, N.A.; Mahbob, M.A.E.-M.; Ali, R.S.; Said, S.M. DNA Barcoding for Scorpion Species from New Valley Governorate in Egypt Reveals Different Degrees of Cryptic Speciation and Species Misnaming. Conservation 2021, 1, 228-240. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1030018

AMA Style

Mohammed-Geba K, Obuid-Allah AH, El-Shimy NA, Mahbob MAE-M, Ali RS, Said SM. DNA Barcoding for Scorpion Species from New Valley Governorate in Egypt Reveals Different Degrees of Cryptic Speciation and Species Misnaming. Conservation. 2021; 1(3):228-240. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1030018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohammed-Geba, Khaled, Ahmad H. Obuid-Allah, Naser A. El-Shimy, Mohamed A.E.-M. Mahbob, Rouwaida S. Ali, and Shimaa M. Said 2021. "DNA Barcoding for Scorpion Species from New Valley Governorate in Egypt Reveals Different Degrees of Cryptic Speciation and Species Misnaming" Conservation 1, no. 3: 228-240. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/conservation1030018

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