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Review

Can the European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) Be a Sentinel for One Health Concerns?

1
Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences (ECAV), University of Traás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
2
Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), Inov4Agro, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
3
Veterinary and Animal Research Center (CECAV), AL4Animals, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
4
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dimitrios P. Bogdanos and Raffaele Capasso
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
Erinaceus europaeus is a cosmopolitan mammalian species broadly distributed in Europe, from natural to suburban areas. Due to its ecological role and susceptibility to distinct zoonotic agents, E. europaeus could be a suitable sentinel candidate for many global problems that negatively affect human and animal health. Hedgehogs can work as bioindicators to environmental contamination and can be hosts for multiple tickborne zoonotic agents. Thus, people who directly or indirectly make physical contact with this species are exposed to a variety of threats. Moreover, it has also been studied as an indicator for antibiotic resistance, which was already confirmed for tetracyclines. Additionally, it was also reported as a reservoir for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). More recently, hedgehogs have been recently recognised as potential reservoirs of MERS-CoV-like strains. Among other animals, this species can possibly represent an intermediate reservoir for SARS-CoV-2. The aim of this review is to briefly expose the scientific attainments about hedgehog health, namely agents, diseases, and threats that significantly affect general health concerns and that contribute to achieve One Health principles. View Full-Text
Keywords: european hedgehog; one health; zoonotic agents; bioindicator; environmental contamination; antibiotic resistance; MERS-CoV; SARS-CoV-2 european hedgehog; one health; zoonotic agents; bioindicator; environmental contamination; antibiotic resistance; MERS-CoV; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jota Baptista, C.V.; Seixas, F.; Gonzalo-Orden, J.M.; Oliveira, P.A. Can the European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) Be a Sentinel for One Health Concerns? Biologics 2021, 1, 61-69. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010004

AMA Style

Jota Baptista CV, Seixas F, Gonzalo-Orden JM, Oliveira PA. Can the European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) Be a Sentinel for One Health Concerns? Biologics. 2021; 1(1):61-69. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jota Baptista, Catarina V., Fernanda Seixas, José M. Gonzalo-Orden, and Paula A. Oliveira 2021. "Can the European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) Be a Sentinel for One Health Concerns?" Biologics 1, no. 1: 61-69. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/biologics1010004

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