Special Issue "Understanding Gender, Crime, and Criminal Justice"

A special issue of Social Sciences (ISSN 2076-0760).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2017).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Ronet Bachman
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Guest Editor
Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware, Newark, DL 19716-2580, USA
Interests: populations epidemiology; mixed race; gender

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Not only has the number of women involved with the criminal justice system increased over the past few decades, but the proportion of women, relative to men, is now greater than it has ever been. Understanding the issues related to women and crime are necessarily numerous and diverse. For example, research that explores the etiology of offending by women cannot be divorced from the victimization of women, because so many of the female offenders in the criminal justice system have long histories of victimization that precipitated their offending. An examination of female offending is also not complete without examining the criminal justice system’s response to their offending, particularly the effects of the war on drugs. Relatedly, the lack of effective programing for females returning to their communities from prison along with the collateral consequences of their formal convictions are both factors related to recidivism. And finally, the topic of female offending must also be placed within the larger social structure, which often negatively impacts those from marginalized backgrounds. The goal of this Special Issue on women and crime is to highlight our contemporary understanding of each of these issues and how they relate to our larger understanding of female offending and victimization in the 21st century.

Prof. Ronet Bachman
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Offending
  • Re-Entry
  • Victimization and Offending
  • Gender Specific Correctional Programming
  • Females and crime

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Masculinity, Organizational Culture, Media Framing and Sexual Violence in the Military
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(5), 80; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/socsci7050080 - 15 May 2018
Viewed by 2322
Abstract
Sexual violence in the military is woven into history, with stories and myths that date back to the times of ancient Rome. For example, military conquests thousands of years ago involved looting, pillaging, and raping—the “spoils of war” for the winning side. Over [...] Read more.
Sexual violence in the military is woven into history, with stories and myths that date back to the times of ancient Rome. For example, military conquests thousands of years ago involved looting, pillaging, and raping—the “spoils of war” for the winning side. Over time, women, seen as sexual outlets, continued to be used to boost soldier morale in combat. Today, instances such as the Marine sexual misconduct scandal are still associated with notions of male empowerment through victimization of enlisted and civilian women, despite female officers making up 14% of service members across all military branches. To determine if the optics of violent and predatory behavior within the military has changed from the “spoils of war”, the current study utilized qualitative content analysis to analyze the media frames of military sexual assault and sexual harassment over the past 20 years. Through holistic reflection, the inquiry explores military framing by the media during high-profile incidents of misconduct from 1996 to 2013. The Aberdeen Proving Ground, Lackland Airforce Base, and Airforce Academy sexual assault cases demonstrate that responsibility and human-interest frames are the most prominent optics used by the media to describe these events. Further, since the first case in 1996, media coverage of sexual harassment and assault within the military has declined significantly. This suggest that, while media framing may accurately reflect these offenses, these offenses are considered less and less news worthy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Understanding Gender, Crime, and Criminal Justice)
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