Next Article in Journal
Discovery of Potent Carbonic Anhydrase and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors: 2-Aminoindan β-Lactam Derivatives
Next Article in Special Issue
Brachycorynella asparagi (Mordv.) Induced—Oxidative Stress and Antioxidative Defenses of Asparagus officinalis L.
Previous Article in Journal
Tocopherols and Tocotrienols in Common and Emerging Dietary Sources: Occurrence, Applications, and Health Benefits
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control
Review

Phytocystatins: Defense Proteins against Phytophagous Insects and Acari

1
Centro de Biotecnologia y Genomica de Plantas, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Campus Montegancedo, Pozuelo de Alarcon, Madrid 28223, Spain
2
Departamento de Biologia Medioambiental, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu, 9, Madrid 28040, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Massimo Maffei
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1747; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101747
Received: 27 July 2016 / Revised: 11 October 2016 / Accepted: 12 October 2016 / Published: 20 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
This review deals with phytocystatins, focussing on their potential role as defence proteins against phytophagous arthropods. Information about the evolutionary, molecular and biochemical features and inhibitory properties of phytocystatins are presented. Cystatin ability to inhibit heterologous cysteine protease activities is commented on as well as some approaches of tailoring cystatin specificity to enhance their defence function towards pests. A general landscape on the digestive proteases of phytophagous insects and acari and the remarkable plasticity of their digestive physiology after feeding on cystatins are highlighted. Biotechnological approaches to produce recombinant cystatins to be added to artificial diets or to be sprayed as insecticide–acaricide compounds and the of use cystatins as transgenes are discussed. Multiple examples and applications are included to end with some conclusions and future perspectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytocystatin; insect; acari; digestive proteases; plant-phytophagous interactions phytocystatin; insect; acari; digestive proteases; plant-phytophagous interactions
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez, M.; Santamaria, M.E.; Diaz-Mendoza, M.; Arnaiz, A.; Carrillo, L.; Ortego, F.; Diaz, I. Phytocystatins: Defense Proteins against Phytophagous Insects and Acari. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1747. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101747

AMA Style

Martinez M, Santamaria ME, Diaz-Mendoza M, Arnaiz A, Carrillo L, Ortego F, Diaz I. Phytocystatins: Defense Proteins against Phytophagous Insects and Acari. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(10):1747. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101747

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez, Manuel, Maria E. Santamaria, Mercedes Diaz-Mendoza, Ana Arnaiz, Laura Carrillo, Felix Ortego, and Isabel Diaz. 2016. "Phytocystatins: Defense Proteins against Phytophagous Insects and Acari" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 10: 1747. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101747

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop