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Article

Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals in the Volcanic Soil of Changbai Mountain

1
Institute of Natural Disaster Research, Department of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
2
Jilin Institute of Geological Environment Monitoring, Changchun 130061, China
3
Changchun Institute of Technology, Changchun 130021, China
4
Key Laboratory for Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Changchun 130117, China
5
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation Restoration, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2047; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112047
Received: 5 May 2019 / Revised: 2 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trace Element Exposure and Human Health)
Tianchi volcano is a dormant active volcano with a risk of re-eruption. Volcanic soil and volcanic ash samples were collected around the volcano and the concentrations of 21 metals (major and trace elements) were determined. The spatial distribution of the metals was obtained by inverse distance weight (IDW) interpolation. The metals’ sources were identified and their pollution levels were assessed to determine their potential ecological and human health risks. The metal concentrations were higher around Tianchi and at the north to the west of the study area. According to the geo-accumulation index (Igeo), enrichment factor (EF) and contamination factor (CF) calculations, Zn pollution was high in the study area. Pearson’s correlation analysis and principal component analysis showed that with the exception of Fe, Mn and As, the metals that were investigated (Al, K, Ca, Na, Mg, Ti, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr, Ni, Ba, Ga, Li, Co, Cd, Sn, Sr) were mostly naturally derived. A small proportion of Li, Pb and Zn may have come from vehicle traffic. There is no potential ecological risk and non-carcinogenic risk because of the low concentrations of the metals; however, it is necessary to pay attention to the carcinogenic risk of Cr and As in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tianchi volcano; volcanic soil; metals; ecological risk assessment; human health risk assessment Tianchi volcano; volcanic soil; metals; ecological risk assessment; human health risk assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, Q.; Han, L.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, Y.; Lang, Q.; Li, F.; Han, A.; Bao, Y.; Li, K.; Alu, S. Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals in the Volcanic Soil of Changbai Mountain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112047

AMA Style

Ma Q, Han L, Zhang J, Zhang Y, Lang Q, Li F, Han A, Bao Y, Li K, Alu S. Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals in the Volcanic Soil of Changbai Mountain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11):2047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Qing, Lina Han, Jiquan Zhang, Yichen Zhang, Qiuling Lang, Fengxu Li, Aru Han, Yongbin Bao, Kaiwei Li, and Si Alu. 2019. "Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals in the Volcanic Soil of Changbai Mountain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 11: 2047. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112047

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