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Article

Effectiveness and Estimation of Cost-Effectiveness of a Group-Based Multicomponent Physical Exercise Programme on Risk of Falling and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

1
Polibienestar Research Institute, Universitat de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Kveloce I+D+i, R&D+i Consultancy, 46002 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2086; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122086
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 22 May 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health)
This study analyses the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a group-based multicomponent physical exercise programme aimed at reducing the risk of falling and frailty in community-dwelling older adults. This is a pretest–posttest non-equivalent control group design, with an intervention group and a comparison group. Participants were evaluated at baseline and after 9 months. The effectiveness analyses showed significant reduction in the risk of falling (−45.5%; p = 0.000) and frailty (−31%; p = 0.000) after the intervention for the participants in the physical exercise programme. Moreover, these participants showed an improvement in limitations in activities of daily living, self-care ability and the use of health resources, physical performance, balance and body mass index. The cost-effectiveness analyses showed that the intervention was cost-saving and more effective than usual care scenario. A novel group-based multicomponent physical exercise programme showed to be more effective and cost-effective than usual care for older adults suffering from risk of falling and frailty. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk of falling; frailty; falls; older adults; physical exercise; ageing risk of falling; frailty; falls; older adults; physical exercise; ageing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alhambra-Borrás, T.; Durá-Ferrandis, E.; Ferrando-García, M. Effectiveness and Estimation of Cost-Effectiveness of a Group-Based Multicomponent Physical Exercise Programme on Risk of Falling and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2086. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122086

AMA Style

Alhambra-Borrás T, Durá-Ferrandis E, Ferrando-García M. Effectiveness and Estimation of Cost-Effectiveness of a Group-Based Multicomponent Physical Exercise Programme on Risk of Falling and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2086. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122086

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alhambra-Borrás, Tamara, Estrella Durá-Ferrandis, and Maite Ferrando-García. 2019. "Effectiveness and Estimation of Cost-Effectiveness of a Group-Based Multicomponent Physical Exercise Programme on Risk of Falling and Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 12: 2086. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122086

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