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The Role of Built Environment on Health of Older Adults in Korea: Obesity and Gender Differences

Department of Urban Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3486; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183486
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 29 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
This study examines the effect of the built environment on obesity in older adults, taking into consideration gender difference. In this regard, we ask two questions: (1) How does the built environment affect obesity in older adults? (2) Is there a gender difference in the effect of the built environment? To examine the research questions, this study uses the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey and geographically weighted regression (GWR) analysis. The empirical analyses show that environmental factors have stronger effects on local obesity rates for older men than for older women, which indicates a gender difference in obesity. Based on these findings, we suggest that public health policies for obesity should consider the built environment as well as gender difference. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; built environment; gender difference; spatial analysis; Korea obesity; built environment; gender difference; spatial analysis; Korea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Namgung, M.; Gonzalez, B.E.M.; Park, S. The Role of Built Environment on Health of Older Adults in Korea: Obesity and Gender Differences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183486

AMA Style

Namgung M, Gonzalez BEM, Park S. The Role of Built Environment on Health of Older Adults in Korea: Obesity and Gender Differences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Namgung, Mi, B. E.M. Gonzalez, and Seungwoo Park. 2019. "The Role of Built Environment on Health of Older Adults in Korea: Obesity and Gender Differences" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183486

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