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Article

Adductor Muscles Strength and Strength Asymmetry as Risk Factors for Groin Injuries among Professional Soccer Players: A Prospective Study

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10110 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Motus Melior Ltd., Hektorovićeva 2, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, Polje 42, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
4
S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd., Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behavior, Tehnološki Park 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Ul. Nikole Tesle 6, 21000 Split, Croatia
6
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova ul. 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 4946; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144946
Received: 16 May 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 July 2020 / Published: 9 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The aim of this study was to prospectively examine the association between isometric hip adductor strength and between-limb strength asymmetry to groin injuries in male professional soccer players. Isometric hip adductor strength and between-limb strength asymmetry of 45 professional outfield soccer players from three First Division teams were tested during the 2017/2018 preseason. Players were then monitored throughout the 2017/2018 season for groin injuries. Ten groin injuries were recorded. When compared with uninjured players, players who sustained groin injury had significantly lower strength of respective muscle groups and significantly higher between-limb strength asymmetries (all p < 0.05; ES = 1.16 and 0.88; mean % difference = 26% and 51%). Isometric hip adductor strength had a significant inverse relationship with the incidence of occurring groin injuries (p = 0.016). No significant relationship between hip adductor strength asymmetry and the incidence of future groin injury was observed (p = 0.09). Finally, players’ age and previous groin injury were not significantly associated with the incidence of future groin injuries (all p > 0.05). These results generally suggest that isometric adductor strength is a significant predictor of future groin injuries in men’s professional football; however, due to the relatively low sample size, further studies are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury prevention; dynamometry; hip and groin injury prevention; dynamometry; hip and groin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Markovic, G.; Šarabon, N.; Pausic, J.; Hadžić, V. Adductor Muscles Strength and Strength Asymmetry as Risk Factors for Groin Injuries among Professional Soccer Players: A Prospective Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4946. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144946

AMA Style

Markovic G, Šarabon N, Pausic J, Hadžić V. Adductor Muscles Strength and Strength Asymmetry as Risk Factors for Groin Injuries among Professional Soccer Players: A Prospective Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):4946. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144946

Chicago/Turabian Style

Markovic, Goran, Nejc Šarabon, Jelena Pausic, and Vedran Hadžić. 2020. "Adductor Muscles Strength and Strength Asymmetry as Risk Factors for Groin Injuries among Professional Soccer Players: A Prospective Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 4946. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17144946

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