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Article

Sex Differences in Frail Older Adults with Foot Pain in a Spanish Population: An Observational Study

1
Frailty Research Organizaded Group (FROG), Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
3
Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
University Center of Plasencia, University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
5
Research, Health and Podiatry Group, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
6
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6141; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176141
Received: 28 July 2020 / Revised: 13 August 2020 / Accepted: 19 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing and Society)
Frailty is a condition that can increase the risk of falls. In addition, foot pain can influence older adults and affect their frail condition. The main objective was to measure the frailty degree in older adults in a Spanish population with foot pain from moderate to severe. Method: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. A sample of people older than 60 years (n = 52), including 26 males and 26 females, were recruited, and frailty disability was measured using the 5-Frailty scale and the Edmonton Frailty scale (EFS). Results: Spearman’s correlation coefficients were categorized as weak (rs ≤ 0.40), moderate (0.41 ≤ rs ≥ 0.69), or strong (0.70 ≤ rs ≥ 1.00). There was a statistically significant correlation for the total score (p < 0.001) and most of the subscales of the 5-Frailty scale compared with the EFS, except for Mood (p > 0.05). In addition, females and males showed similar 5-Frailty and Edmonton Frail scales scores with no difference (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Foot pain above 5 points, i.e., from moderate to severe, does not affect the fragility more in one sex than another. View Full-Text
Keywords: frailty; older adults; foot deformities; foot diseases; foot pain frailty; older adults; foot deformities; foot diseases; foot pain
MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro-Flores, E.; Romero-Morales, C.; Becerro de Bengoa-Vallejo, R.; Rodríguez-Sanz, D.; Palomo-López, P.; López-López, D.; Losa-Iglesias, M.E.; Calvo-Lobo, C. Sex Differences in Frail Older Adults with Foot Pain in a Spanish Population: An Observational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176141

AMA Style

Navarro-Flores E, Romero-Morales C, Becerro de Bengoa-Vallejo R, Rodríguez-Sanz D, Palomo-López P, López-López D, Losa-Iglesias ME, Calvo-Lobo C. Sex Differences in Frail Older Adults with Foot Pain in a Spanish Population: An Observational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176141

Chicago/Turabian Style

Navarro-Flores, Emmanuel, Carlos Romero-Morales, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa-Vallejo, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Patricia Palomo-López, Daniel López-López, Marta E. Losa-Iglesias, and César Calvo-Lobo. 2020. "Sex Differences in Frail Older Adults with Foot Pain in a Spanish Population: An Observational Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6141. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176141

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