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Article

Determinants of Refugee and Migrant Health Status in 10 European Countries: The Mig-HealthCare Project

1
Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology & Medical Statistics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
2
Institute of Preventive Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Health, Prolepsis, 15121 Marousi, Greece
3
Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
4
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard College, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5
Evidence Synthesis Methods Team, Department of Primary Education, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
6
Department of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, 43100 Karditsa, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6353; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176353
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 1 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 31 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
In this study, we collect and synthesize information on the health status of the refugee/migrant population in ten European countries in order to map refugee/migrant health needs. With this information, we identify areas of intervention and healthcare system strengthening to provide the basis for future health planning and effective healthcare provision to migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees in the European Union (EU). Methods: 1407 migrants in ten European Union countries (consortium members of the Mig-HealthCare project) were surveyed on general health, mental health, and specific diseases using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted to investigate the risk factors on general quality of life for migrants and refugees in the EU. Results: Mean age was 31.9 (±11.05) years and 889 (63.1%) participants were males. The majority came from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, and Iran. Having a mental health disorder or a chronic disease such as a heart or respiratory disease was associated with worse general health. On the other hand, having permission to stay in the country of interview and being interviewed in the country of final destination was associated with better general health. Access to health care services was fragmented or unavailable for some interviewees because of linguistic, cultural, or administrative barriers. Conclusions: The management of chronic diseases and mental health conditions in European migrants and refugees is a key priority for health service provision. Further efforts should be made to guarantee healthcare access for migrant and refugee populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrants; refugees; health needs; mental health; chronic diseases migrants; refugees; health needs; mental health; chronic diseases
MDPI and ACS Style

Riza, E.; Karnaki, P.; Gil-Salmerón, A.; Zota, K.; Ho, M.; Petropoulou, M.; Katsas, K.; Garcés-Ferrer, J.; Linos, A. Determinants of Refugee and Migrant Health Status in 10 European Countries: The Mig-HealthCare Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176353

AMA Style

Riza E, Karnaki P, Gil-Salmerón A, Zota K, Ho M, Petropoulou M, Katsas K, Garcés-Ferrer J, Linos A. Determinants of Refugee and Migrant Health Status in 10 European Countries: The Mig-HealthCare Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176353

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riza, Elena, Pania Karnaki, Alejandro Gil-Salmerón, Konstantina Zota, Maxwell Ho, Maria Petropoulou, Konstantinos Katsas, Jorge Garcés-Ferrer, and Athena Linos. 2020. "Determinants of Refugee and Migrant Health Status in 10 European Countries: The Mig-HealthCare Project" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17176353

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