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Article

Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity Are Increased by a Greater Hallux Valgus Deformity Degree- Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity in Hallux Valgus

1
University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, 10600 Badajoz, Spain
2
Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28922 Alcorcon, Spain
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Research, Health and Podiatry Group, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
5
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 626; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17020626
Received: 1 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 16 January 2020 / Published: 18 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing and Society)
Background: Hallux valgus (HV) has been previously associated with psychological disorders. Thus, the purposes of this study were to associate kinesiophobia and pain intensity with HV deformity degrees, as well as predict kinesiophobia and pain intensity based on HV deformity and demographic features. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out recruiting 100 subjects, who were divided into HV deformity degrees, such as I-no HV (n = 25), II-mild (n = 25), III-moderate (n = 25), and IV-severe (n = 25) HV. Kinesiophobia total and domains (activity avoidance and harm) scores and levels were self-reported by the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-11). Pain intensity was self-reported by the numeric rating scale (NRS). Results: Statistically significant differences (p < 0.01; η2 = 0.132–0.850) were shown for between-groups comparison of kinesiophobia total and domain scores (activity avoidance and harm) and levels, as well as pain intensity among HV deformity degrees. Post hoc comparisons showed statistically significant differences with a large effect size (p < 0.05; d = 0.85–4.41), showing higher kinesiophobia symptoms and levels and pain intensity associated with greater HV deformity degrees, especially for III-moderate and/or IV-severe HV deformity degrees versus I-no HV and/or II-mild deformity degrees. Both statistically significant prediction models (p < 0.05) for kinesiophobia (R2 = 0.300) and pain intensity (R2 = 0.815) were predicted by greater HV deformity degree and age. Conclusions: Greater kinesiophobia symptoms and levels and pain were associated with higher HV deformity degrees, especially severe and/or moderate HV with respect to no and/or mild HV. The kinesiophobia and pain intensity were predicted by greater HV deformity degree and age. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain; hallux valgus; musculoskeletal diseases; psychology chronic pain; hallux valgus; musculoskeletal diseases; psychology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palomo-López, P.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R.; Losa-Iglesias, M.E.; López-López, D.; Rodríguez-Sanz, D.; Romero-Morales, C.; Calvo-Lobo, C.; Mazoteras-Pardo, V. Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity Are Increased by a Greater Hallux Valgus Deformity Degree- Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity in Hallux Valgus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 626. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17020626

AMA Style

Palomo-López P, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo R, Losa-Iglesias ME, López-López D, Rodríguez-Sanz D, Romero-Morales C, Calvo-Lobo C, Mazoteras-Pardo V. Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity Are Increased by a Greater Hallux Valgus Deformity Degree- Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity in Hallux Valgus. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):626. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17020626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palomo-López, Patricia, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta E. Losa-Iglesias, Daniel López-López, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Carlos Romero-Morales, César Calvo-Lobo, and Victoria Mazoteras-Pardo. 2020. "Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity Are Increased by a Greater Hallux Valgus Deformity Degree- Kinesiophobia and Pain Intensity in Hallux Valgus" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 626. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17020626

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