Next Article in Journal
A Qualitative Evaluation of Young People’s, Parents’ and Carers’ Experiences of a National and Specialist CAMHS Dialectical Behaviour Therapy Outpatient Service
Previous Article in Journal
Self-Management in Stroke Survivors: Development and Implementation of the Look after Yourself (LAY) Intervention
Previous Article in Special Issue
Microbial Features Indicating the Recovery of Soil Ecosystem Strongly Affected by Mining and Ore Processing
Article

Combined Effects of Wildfire and Vegetation Cover Type on Volcanic Soil (Functions and Properties) in a Mediterranean Region: Comparison of Two Soil Quality Indices

1
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
2
BAT Center—Interuniversity Center for Studies on Bioinspired Agro-Environmental Technology, University of Naples Federico II, 80126 Naples, Italy
3
Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio, Via Palazzo del Principe c/o Castello Mediceo, 80044 Ottaviano, Italy
4
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
5
CeSMA-Centro Servizi Metrologici e Tecnologici Avanzati, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Corso Nicolangelo Protopisani, 80146 San Giovanni a Teduccio, Italy
6
Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Montesano, 80131 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5926; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115926
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 31 May 2021
Mediterranean regions are the most impacted by fire in Europe. The effects of fire on soil greatly vary according to several factors such as vegetation cover type, but they are scarcely studied. Therefore, this research aimed at evaluating the combined impacts of fire and vegetation on single soil characteristics and on the overall soil quality and functionality through two soil quality indices, simple additive (SQI) and a weighted function (SQIFUNCT). In order to reach the aims, burnt and unburnt soils were collected under different vegetation cover types (herbs and shrubs, black locust, pine and holm oak) within the Vesuvius National Park. The soils were analyzed for the main abiotic (water and organic matter content, total C, N, Ca, K, Cu and Pb concentrations, C/N ratio) and biotic (microbial and fungal biomasses, basal respiration, β-glucosidase activity) characteristics. On the basis of the investigated soil characteristics, several soil functions (water retention, nutrient supply, contamination content, microorganism habitat and activities), and the soil quality indices were calculated. The results showed that the impact of fire on soil quality and functionality was mediated by the vegetation cover type. In fact, fire occurrence led to a decrease in water and C/N ratio under herbs, a decrease in C concentration under holm oak and a decrease in Cu and Pb concentrations under pine. Although the soil characteristics showed significant changes according to vegetation cover types and fire occurrence, both the additive and weighted function soil quality indices did not significantly vary according to both fire occurrence and the vegetation cover type. Among the different vegetation cover types, pine was the most impacted one. View Full-Text
Keywords: volcanic soil; quality index; soil characteristics; plant diversity; fire impact; ecosystem functions volcanic soil; quality index; soil characteristics; plant diversity; fire impact; ecosystem functions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Santorufo, L.; Memoli, V.; Panico, S.C.; Santini, G.; Barile, R.; Giarra, A.; Di Natale, G.; Trifuoggi, M.; De Marco, A.; Maisto, G. Combined Effects of Wildfire and Vegetation Cover Type on Volcanic Soil (Functions and Properties) in a Mediterranean Region: Comparison of Two Soil Quality Indices. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5926. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115926

AMA Style

Santorufo L, Memoli V, Panico SC, Santini G, Barile R, Giarra A, Di Natale G, Trifuoggi M, De Marco A, Maisto G. Combined Effects of Wildfire and Vegetation Cover Type on Volcanic Soil (Functions and Properties) in a Mediterranean Region: Comparison of Two Soil Quality Indices. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5926. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115926

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santorufo, Lucia, Valeria Memoli, Speranza C. Panico, Giorgia Santini, Rossella Barile, Antonella Giarra, Gabriella Di Natale, Marco Trifuoggi, Anna De Marco, and Giulia Maisto. 2021. "Combined Effects of Wildfire and Vegetation Cover Type on Volcanic Soil (Functions and Properties) in a Mediterranean Region: Comparison of Two Soil Quality Indices" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5926. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18115926

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop