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Article

Influence of Face Masks on the Use of Contact Lenses

1
ISEC LISBOA—Instituto Superior de Educação e Ciências,1750-179 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Faculty of Biomedical and Health Science, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Optometry and Vision, Faculty of Optics and Optometry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28037 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jimmy T. Efird
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7407; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147407
Received: 19 June 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 9 July 2021 / Published: 11 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment for COVID-19)
Background: The COVID-19 epidemic is largely controlled by the use of face masks. The use of a face mask has been indicated as a strong cause of dry eye, although it is not yet described in the literature. This study aims to compare the impact of the use of masks on the visual quality of patients. The symptoms in the human eye intensified during the pandemic versus the symptoms before the pandemic, in a Portuguese population. Methods: A fifteen-question questionnaire was conducted to find out what changes occurred in the use of soft contact lenses during the pandemic in relation to the use of masks. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 27.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: The use of contact lenses decreased compared with before the pandemic (p < 0.001). The number of hours of wear decreased significantly compared with before the pandemic (p < 0.001). The sensation of dry eyes was found to be worse in those using monthly replacement contact lenses (p = 0.034), and the need to remove contact lenses was more frequent in women (p = 0.026) after using a mask. Conclusions: Mask use increases dry eye symptoms in contact lens wearers, negatively impacting visual quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: contact lenses; mask; COVID-19 contact lenses; mask; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Perez, C.; Monteiro, B.; Soares, M.; Portugues, F.; Matos, S.; Ferreira, A.; Alvarez-Peregrina, C.; Sánchez-Tena, M.Á. Influence of Face Masks on the Use of Contact Lenses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7407. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147407

AMA Style

Martinez-Perez C, Monteiro B, Soares M, Portugues F, Matos S, Ferreira A, Alvarez-Peregrina C, Sánchez-Tena MÁ. Influence of Face Masks on the Use of Contact Lenses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7407. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147407

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez-Perez, Clara, Bruno Monteiro, Mafalda Soares, Fatima Portugues, Sonia Matos, Ana Ferreira, Cristina Alvarez-Peregrina, and Miguel Á. Sánchez-Tena 2021. "Influence of Face Masks on the Use of Contact Lenses" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7407. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147407

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