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Article

What Do Public Health Graduates Do and Where Do They Go? An Analysis of Job Destinations and Mismatch in Australian Public Health Graduates

1
School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
2
National Centre for Epidemiology & Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Florian Fischer, Laura Arnold, Franziska Hommes and Kerstin Sell
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7504; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147504
Received: 28 May 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
Background: It is not well understood what occupations public health graduates have after graduation, nor is it well known whether their education provides them with the relevant knowledge and skills to feel well matched to their occupations. Furthermore, it is commonly presumed that public health graduates work in government, and investments in education would bolster this workforce. Methods: We aimed to describe the common occupations of Australian public health graduates, describe the heterogeneity of graduate destinations, describe the level of mismatch that graduates report, and compare these results with other fields of study. We used eight years of Australian graduate survey data (2008–2015) from the Graduate Destinations Survey, examining outcomes data from 8900 public health graduates from four levels of education. We compared occupation and industry heterogeneity, and level of occupational mismatch between public health graduates, and graduates from other fields of education. Results: Public health graduates report having a broad set of occupations in a broad set of industries after graduation, and this breadth is dissimilar to most health degrees. Furthermore, public health graduates tend to have average or lower-than-average rates of mismatch. Conclusions: Despite going into a broad set of occupations and industries, graduates from public health tend to report being well prepared given their education. Given that both occupation and industry outcomes are heterogeneous for graduates, an investment in public health education does not guarantee an increase in the governmental public health workforce. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health; population health; workforce; training; employment; professionalism; interdisciplinarity public health; population health; workforce; training; employment; professionalism; interdisciplinarity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Watts, R.D.; Bowles, D.C.; Fisher, C.; Li, I.W. What Do Public Health Graduates Do and Where Do They Go? An Analysis of Job Destinations and Mismatch in Australian Public Health Graduates. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147504

AMA Style

Watts RD, Bowles DC, Fisher C, Li IW. What Do Public Health Graduates Do and Where Do They Go? An Analysis of Job Destinations and Mismatch in Australian Public Health Graduates. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147504

Chicago/Turabian Style

Watts, Rory D., Devin C. Bowles, Colleen Fisher, and Ian W. Li 2021. "What Do Public Health Graduates Do and Where Do They Go? An Analysis of Job Destinations and Mismatch in Australian Public Health Graduates" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18147504

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