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Article

A Study of the Association between the Stringency of Covid-19 Government Measures and Depression in Older Adults across Europe and Israel

by 1,*,†, 1,† and 1,2,†
1
Communication and Society Research Centre, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
Department of Sociology, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Maurizio Pompili, Andrea Fiorillo and Gaia Sampogna
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 8017; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158017
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 24 July 2021 / Published: 29 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is having major adverse consequences for the mental health of individuals worldwide. Alongside the direct impact of the virus on individuals, government responses to tackling its spread, such as quarantine, lockdown, and physical distancing measures, have been found to have a profound impact on mental health. This is manifested in an increased prevalence of anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances. As older adults are more vulnerable and severely affected by the pandemic, they may be at increased psychological risk when seeking to protect themselves from COVID-19. Methods: Our study aims to quantify the association between the stringency of measures and increased feelings of sadness/depression in a sample of 31,819 Europeans and Israelis aged 65 and above. We hypothesize that more stringent measures make it more likely that individuals will report increased feelings of sadness or depression. Conclusions: We found that more stringent measures across countries in Europe and Israel affect the mental health of older individuals. The prevalence of increased feelings of sadness/depression was higher in Southern European countries, where the measures were more stringent. We therefore recommend paying particular attention to the possible effects of pandemic control measures on the mental health of older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; mental health; depression; stringency measures; older adults; SHARE COVID-19; mental health; depression; stringency measures; older adults; SHARE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Voss, G.; Paiva, A.F.; Delerue Matos, A. A Study of the Association between the Stringency of Covid-19 Government Measures and Depression in Older Adults across Europe and Israel. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158017

AMA Style

Voss G, Paiva AF, Delerue Matos A. A Study of the Association between the Stringency of Covid-19 Government Measures and Depression in Older Adults across Europe and Israel. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):8017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Voss, Gina, Andreia F. Paiva, and Alice Delerue Matos. 2021. "A Study of the Association between the Stringency of Covid-19 Government Measures and Depression in Older Adults across Europe and Israel" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 8017. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18158017

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