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Ecotoxicological Studies on the Effect of Roundup® (Glyphosate Formulation) on Marine Benthic Microalgae

Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdańsk, Al. M. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 884; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18030884
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 16 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
Glyphosate is a very effective herbicide and the main active ingredient in Roundup®—the most extensively used herbicide in the world. Since glyphosate is highly water soluble it reaches water bodies easily in surface water runoff. This prompted us to undertake an experiment to evaluate the effects of glyphosate in Roundup® on natural communities of marine microphytobenthos. Microphytobenthos communities were obtained from the environment, and after transporting them to the laboratory and acclimatizing them, they were tested under controlled conditions. Changes in microphytobenthos composition and structure and the deteriorating condition of the cells of community-forming organisms (assessed by analyzing changes in chloroplast shape) were used to assess the impact of Roundup® on endpoints. The tests indicated that microphytobenthic communities were relatively resistant to herbicide. The species richness of the communities probably enabled them to rebuild effectively. Sensitive species were replaced by those more tolerant of glyphosate. Only at the highest glyphosate concentration (8.5 g·dm−3) tested was a strong negative effect noted that limited community abundance and eliminated some of the organisms. The dominant diatoms in the communities were replaced by intensively developing cyanobacteria, which ultimately comprised nearly 60% of all the cells observed in the communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: toxic effect; marine microphytobenthos; microalgal communities; Baltic Sea; algal growth inhibition test; ecotoxicological tests; glyphosate; Roundup® toxic effect; marine microphytobenthos; microalgal communities; Baltic Sea; algal growth inhibition test; ecotoxicological tests; glyphosate; Roundup®
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sylwestrzak, Z.; Zgrundo, A.; Pniewski, F. Ecotoxicological Studies on the Effect of Roundup® (Glyphosate Formulation) on Marine Benthic Microalgae. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 884. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18030884

AMA Style

Sylwestrzak Z, Zgrundo A, Pniewski F. Ecotoxicological Studies on the Effect of Roundup® (Glyphosate Formulation) on Marine Benthic Microalgae. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):884. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18030884

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sylwestrzak, Zuzanna, Aleksandra Zgrundo, and Filip Pniewski. 2021. "Ecotoxicological Studies on the Effect of Roundup® (Glyphosate Formulation) on Marine Benthic Microalgae" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 884. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18030884

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