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Article

Decídetexto: Feasibility and Acceptability of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Intervention in Puerto Rico

1
James P. Wilmot Cancer Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, PR 00716, USA
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Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
4
Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20057, USA
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Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1379; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041379
Received: 24 December 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 30 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile smoking cessation intervention in Puerto Rico. This was a single-arm pilot study with 26 smokers in Puerto Rico who were enrolled in Decídetexto, a mobile smoking cessation intervention. Decídetexto incorporates three integrated components: (1) a tablet-based software that collects smoking-related information to develop an individualized quit plan, (2) a 24-week text messaging counseling program with interactive capabilities, and (3) pharmacotherapy support. Outcome measures included self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence at Months 3 and 6, pharmacotherapy adherence, satisfaction with the intervention, and changes in self-efficacy. The average age of the participants was 46.8 years (SD 12.7), half of them (53.8%) were female. Most participants (92.3%) smoked daily and half of them (53.8%) used menthol cigarettes. All participants requested nicotine patches at baseline. However, only 13.0% of participants used the patch >75% of days. At Month 3, 10 participants (38.4%) self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence (88.5% follow-up rate). At Month 6, 16 participants (61.5%) self-reported 7-day point prevalence abstinence (76.9% follow-up rate). Most participants (90%, 18/20) reported being satisfied/extremely satisfied with the intervention at Month 6. Self-efficacy mean scores significantly increased from 40.4 (SD 12.1) at baseline to 57.9 (SD 11.3) at Month 3 (p < 0.01). The study suggests that Decídetexto holds promise for further testing among Puerto Rican smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Latinos; Puerto Ricans; Puerto Rico; smoking; smoking cessation; mHealth Latinos; Puerto Ricans; Puerto Rico; smoking; smoking cessation; mHealth
MDPI and ACS Style

Cartujano-Barrera, F.; Peña-Vargas, C.I.; Arana-Chicas, E.; Pérez-Ramos, J.G.; Mattei, J.; Hurtado-de-Mendoza, A.; Costas-Muñiz, R.; Jiménez, J.; Cupertino, A.P.; Castro, E.M. Decídetexto: Feasibility and Acceptability of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Intervention in Puerto Rico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1379. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041379

AMA Style

Cartujano-Barrera F, Peña-Vargas CI, Arana-Chicas E, Pérez-Ramos JG, Mattei J, Hurtado-de-Mendoza A, Costas-Muñiz R, Jiménez J, Cupertino AP, Castro EM. Decídetexto: Feasibility and Acceptability of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Intervention in Puerto Rico. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1379. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041379

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cartujano-Barrera, Francisco, Cristina I. Peña-Vargas, Evelyn Arana-Chicas, José G. Pérez-Ramos, Josiemer Mattei, Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Julio Jiménez, Ana P. Cupertino, and Eida M. Castro 2021. "Decídetexto: Feasibility and Acceptability of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Intervention in Puerto Rico" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1379. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18041379

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