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Article

Leather Thermal and Environmental Parameters in Fire Conditions

The Main School of Fire Service, 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6452; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11226452
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 16 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Technologies in Air Treatment)
The thermal decomposition of leather-product combustion produces some inflammable and harmful compounds after tanning, fat liquoring, dyeing, and finishing processes. These organic compounds are ignited and release a lot of toxic gases and smoke in fire conditions, polluting the atmosphere air. On this account, it is very important to know leather safety performance for fire prevention. The flammability and thermal stability of types of leather at thermal expositions stimulating fire conditions were analyzed. Five types of leather were used in experimental testing, four of animal origin and an artificial one. Results showed that, in the analyzed heat exposure, the highest average heat-release rate (174 kW/m2) and smoke generation, and the lowest temperature of the beginning of thermal decomposition, were recorded for the artificial leather. Leather flammability essentially depends on the type of applied energy stimulus, as well as hide composition and origin. A possible cause for differences in the obtained results of the leather analyses is the percentage of certain leather components and their chemical composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; heat and smoke release; leather fire safety; toxic-gas emission air pollution; heat and smoke release; leather fire safety; toxic-gas emission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Półka, M. Leather Thermal and Environmental Parameters in Fire Conditions. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6452. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11226452

AMA Style

Półka M. Leather Thermal and Environmental Parameters in Fire Conditions. Sustainability. 2019; 11(22):6452. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11226452

Chicago/Turabian Style

Półka, Marzena. 2019. "Leather Thermal and Environmental Parameters in Fire Conditions" Sustainability 11, no. 22: 6452. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11226452

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