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Review

Analytical Separation of Carcinogenic and Genotoxic Alkenylbenzenes in Foods and Related Products (2010–2020)

Australian Centre for Research on Separation Science (ACROSS), School of Natural Sciences—Chemistry, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
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Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 21 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
Alkenylbenzenes are potentially toxic (genotoxic and carcinogenic) compounds present in plants such as basil, tarragon, anise star and lemongrass. These plants are found in various edible consumer products, e.g., popularly used to flavour food. Thus, there are concerns about the possible health consequences upon increased exposure to alkenylbenzenes especially due to food intake. It is therefore important to constantly monitor the amounts of alkenylbenzenes in our food chain. A major challenge in the determination of alkenylbenzenes in foods is the complexity of the sample matrices and the typically low amounts of alkenylbenzenes present. This review will therefore discuss the background and importance of analytical separation methods from papers reported from 2010 to 2020 for the determination of alkenylbenzenes in foods and related products. The separation techniques commonly used were gas and liquid chromatography (LC). The sample preparation techniques used in conjunction with the separation techniques were various variants of extraction (solvent extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, liquid-phase microextraction, solid phase extraction) and distillation (steam and hydro-). Detection was by flame ionisation and mass spectrometry (MS) in gas chromatography (GC) while in liquid chromatography was mainly by spectrophotometry. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkenylbenzenes; food; liquid chromatography; gas chromatography; capillary electrophoresis; sample preparation alkenylbenzenes; food; liquid chromatography; gas chromatography; capillary electrophoresis; sample preparation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dang, H.N.P.; Quirino, J.P. Analytical Separation of Carcinogenic and Genotoxic Alkenylbenzenes in Foods and Related Products (2010–2020). Toxins 2021, 13, 387. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13060387

AMA Style

Dang HNP, Quirino JP. Analytical Separation of Carcinogenic and Genotoxic Alkenylbenzenes in Foods and Related Products (2010–2020). Toxins. 2021; 13(6):387. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13060387

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dang, Huynh N.P., and Joselito P. Quirino 2021. "Analytical Separation of Carcinogenic and Genotoxic Alkenylbenzenes in Foods and Related Products (2010–2020)" Toxins 13, no. 6: 387. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13060387

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