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Adsorption and Degradation of Three Pesticides in a Vineyard Soil and in an Organic Biomix
Review

Effect of Organic Residues on Pesticide Behavior in Soils: A Review of Laboratory Research

Institute of Natural Resources and Agrobiology of Salamanca (IRNASA-CSIC), 40-52 Cordel de Merinas, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
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Academic Editor: Helvi Heinonen-Tanski
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
The management of large volumes of organic residues generated in different livestock, urban, agricultural and industrial activities is a topic of environmental and social interest. The high organic matter content of these residues means that their application as soil organic amendments in agriculture is considered one of the more sustainable options, as it could solve the problem of the accumulation of uncontrolled wastes while improving soil quality and avoiding its irreversible degradation. However, the behavior of pesticides applied to increase crop yields could be modified in the presence of these amendments in the soil. This review article addresses how the adsorption–desorption, dissipation and leaching of pesticides in soils is affected by different organic residues usually applied as organic amendments. Based on the results reported from laboratory studies, the influence on these processes has been evaluated of multiple factors related to organic residues (e.g., origin, nature, composition, rates, and incubation time of the amended soils), pesticides (e.g., with different use, structure, characteristics, and application method), and soils with different physicochemical properties. Future perspectives on this topic are also included for highlighting the need to extend these laboratory studies to field and modelling scale to better assess and predict pesticide fate in amended soil scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil amendment; organic matter; dissolved organic carbon; agriculture; pesticide fate; dynamics; laboratory experiments soil amendment; organic matter; dissolved organic carbon; agriculture; pesticide fate; dynamics; laboratory experiments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carpio, M.J.; Sánchez-Martín, M.J.; Rodríguez-Cruz, M.S.; Marín-Benito, J.M. Effect of Organic Residues on Pesticide Behavior in Soils: A Review of Laboratory Research. Environments 2021, 8, 32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8040032

AMA Style

Carpio MJ, Sánchez-Martín MJ, Rodríguez-Cruz MS, Marín-Benito JM. Effect of Organic Residues on Pesticide Behavior in Soils: A Review of Laboratory Research. Environments. 2021; 8(4):32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8040032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carpio, María J., María J. Sánchez-Martín, M. S. Rodríguez-Cruz, and Jesús M. Marín-Benito. 2021. "Effect of Organic Residues on Pesticide Behavior in Soils: A Review of Laboratory Research" Environments 8, no. 4: 32. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8040032

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