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Sustainability Assessment of Traditional Agroecosystems in the High Region of Yaonáhuac, Puebla, Mexico

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Ciencias Ambientales, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla 72570, Mexico
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Gestión del Desarrollo Social, Colegio de Posgraduados, Campus Puebla 72760, Mexico
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Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Microbiológicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla 72570, Mexico
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Centro de Química, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla 72570, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zacharias Frontistis and Rik Leemans
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
A Sustainability Index for Traditional Agroecosystems (SITA) applied in Yaonáhuac, Puebla, Mexico was built. The index was composed of 16 indicators, with which the analysis of diversity-resilience, self-management-autonomy, integration, and self-sufficiency was carried out. To determine the type of sustainability, 62 in-depth interviews were applied to inhabitants of the municipality of Yaonáhuac. The results showed that the following indicators increased the sustainability of home gardens: soil fertility properties, agricultural heterogeneity, linking practices with the home garden, family participation, non-participation in government subsidies, agricultural local knowledges, uses of plants, material of the fence or boundary, productive diversity, and destination of crops. It was found that 29 home gardens showed super strong sustainability and 31 had strong sustainability. The SITA can be used to research small-scale traditional agroecosystems with similar characteristics to monitor their sustainability, as well as to assist in decision-making and promote agroecological management from the home. The shown data represent initial information to monitor and propose agroecological transitions in that region. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecology; home gardens; small-scale agroecosystems; sustainability index agroecology; home gardens; small-scale agroecosystems; sustainability index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palestina-González, M.I.; Carranza-Cerda, I.; López-Reyes, L.; Torres, E.; Silva-Gómez, S.E. Sustainability Assessment of Traditional Agroecosystems in the High Region of Yaonáhuac, Puebla, Mexico. Environments 2021, 8, 40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050040

AMA Style

Palestina-González MI, Carranza-Cerda I, López-Reyes L, Torres E, Silva-Gómez SE. Sustainability Assessment of Traditional Agroecosystems in the High Region of Yaonáhuac, Puebla, Mexico. Environments. 2021; 8(5):40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palestina-González, María I., Ignacio Carranza-Cerda, Lucía López-Reyes, Eduardo Torres, and Sonia E. Silva-Gómez 2021. "Sustainability Assessment of Traditional Agroecosystems in the High Region of Yaonáhuac, Puebla, Mexico" Environments 8, no. 5: 40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments8050040

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