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A New Approach to Mapping Cultural Ecosystem Services

Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, University Hassan II, Casablanca 20000, Morocco
Institut de Géographie et d’Aménagement, Université de Nantes, LETG UMR, 6554 Nantes, France
Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Vilnius University, 01513 Vilnius, Lithuania
Department of Natural Sciences, Klaipėda University, 92294 Klaipėda, Lithuania
CERIS, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
Institute of Applied Technology, Thu Dau Mot University, Binh Duong Province 75000, Vietnam
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David B. Croft
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Environments in 2020)
According to various sources, Southern Morocco has stood out as an outstanding tourist destination in recent decades, with global appeal. Dakhla City, including Dakhla Bay, classified by the Convention on Wetlands in 2005 as a Wetland of International Importance, offers visitors various entertainment opportunities at many city sites. Therefore, human activity and social benefits should be considered in conjunction with the need to safeguard the ecosystems and maintain the Ecosystem Services (ES). This study aims to provide an overview of the tourism dynamics and hotspots related to cultural ecosystem services in Dakhla Bay. The landscape attributes are used along with an InVEST model to detect the distribution of preferences for the Cultural Ecosystem Services (CESs), map the hotspots, and identify the spatial correlations between features such as the landscape and visiting rate to understand which elements of nature attract people to the locations around the study area. Geotagged photos posted to the Flickr™ website between 2005 and 2017 were used to approximate the number of tourist visits. The results showed that tourism suffered several dips in 2005–2017 and that tourist visits are currently rising. Additionally, an estimated annual tourist visit rate shows that tourism in Dakhla Bay has been growing steadily by 2%. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; cultural ecosystem services; InVEST recreation model; Dakhla Bay ecosystem services; cultural ecosystem services; InVEST recreation model; Dakhla Bay
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mouttaki, I.; Khomalli, Y.; Maanan, M.; Bagdanavičiūtė, I.; Rhinane, H.; Kuriqi, A.; Pham, Q.B.; Maanan, M. A New Approach to Mapping Cultural Ecosystem Services. Environments 2021, 8, 56.

AMA Style

Mouttaki I, Khomalli Y, Maanan M, Bagdanavičiūtė I, Rhinane H, Kuriqi A, Pham QB, Maanan M. A New Approach to Mapping Cultural Ecosystem Services. Environments. 2021; 8(6):56.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mouttaki, Ikram, Youssef Khomalli, Mohamed Maanan, Ingrida Bagdanavičiūtė, Hassan Rhinane, Alban Kuriqi, Quoc B. Pham, and Mehdi Maanan. 2021. "A New Approach to Mapping Cultural Ecosystem Services" Environments 8, no. 6: 56.

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