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Review

On the Interaction between 1D Materials and Living Cells

1
Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica—Emilio Segrè, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed.17, 90128 Palermo, Italy
2
INSTM UdR Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed.17, 90128 Palermo, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università di Catania, Viale Andrea Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy
4
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Via del Politecnico 1, I-00133 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Biomater. 2020, 11(2), 40; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb11020040
Received: 13 May 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 5 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibrous Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering Application)
One-dimensional (1D) materials allow for cutting-edge applications in biology, such as single-cell bioelectronics investigations, stimulation of the cellular membrane or the cytosol, cellular capture, tissue regeneration, antibacterial action, traction force investigation, and cellular lysis among others. The extraordinary development of this research field in the last ten years has been promoted by the possibility to engineer new classes of biointerfaces that integrate 1D materials as tools to trigger reconfigurable stimuli/probes at the sub-cellular resolution, mimicking the in vivo protein fibres organization of the extracellular matrix. After a brief overview of the theoretical models relevant for a quantitative description of the 1D material/cell interface, this work offers an unprecedented review of 1D nano- and microscale materials (inorganic, organic, biomolecular) explored so far in this vibrant research field, highlighting their emerging biological applications. The correlation between each 1D material chemistry and the resulting biological response is investigated, allowing to emphasize the advantages and the issues that each class presents. Finally, current challenges and future perspectives are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1D materials; biointerface; CNTs; polymers; bioelectronics; regenerative medicine; photocatalysis 1D materials; biointerface; CNTs; polymers; bioelectronics; regenerative medicine; photocatalysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arrabito, G.; Aleeva, Y.; Ferrara, V.; Prestopino, G.; Chiappara, C.; Pignataro, B. On the Interaction between 1D Materials and Living Cells. J. Funct. Biomater. 2020, 11, 40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb11020040

AMA Style

Arrabito G, Aleeva Y, Ferrara V, Prestopino G, Chiappara C, Pignataro B. On the Interaction between 1D Materials and Living Cells. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2020; 11(2):40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb11020040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arrabito, Giuseppe, Yana Aleeva, Vittorio Ferrara, Giuseppe Prestopino, Clara Chiappara, and Bruno Pignataro. 2020. "On the Interaction between 1D Materials and Living Cells" Journal of Functional Biomaterials 11, no. 2: 40. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/jfb11020040

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