Next Article in Journal
Risk Assessment of Population Loss Posed by Earthquake-Landslide-Debris Flow Disaster Chain: A Case Study in Wenchuan, China
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment and Visualization of OSM Consistency for European Cities
Article

A Common Approach to Geo-Referencing Building Models in Industry Foundation Classes for BIM/GIS Integration

School of Design and the Built Environment, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wolfgang Kainz and Fulvio Rinaudo
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(6), 362; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10060362
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 23 May 2021 / Accepted: 23 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
Previous geo-referencing approaches for building information modeling (BIM) models can be problematic due to: (a) the different interpretations of the term ‘geo-referencing’, (b) the insufficient consideration of the placement hierarchy of the industry foundation classes (IFCs), and (c) the misunderstanding that a common way to embed spatial reference information for IFC is absent. Therefore, the objective of this study is to (1) clarify the meaning of geo-referencing in the context of BIM/GIS data integration, and (2) develop a common geo-referencing approach for IFC. To achieve the goal, a systematic and thorough investigation into the IFC standard was conducted to assess the geo-referencing capability of IFC. Based on the investigation, a geo-referencing approach was established using IFC entities that are common in different IFC versions, which makes the proposed approach common to IFC. Such a geo-referencing approach supports automatic geo-referencing that would facilitate the use of BIM models in GIS, e.g., for the construction of digital twins. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling (BIM); geographic information system (GIS); industry foundation classes (IFC); 3D building model; geo-referencing building information modeling (BIM); geographic information system (GIS); industry foundation classes (IFC); 3D building model; geo-referencing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, J.; Wu, P. A Common Approach to Geo-Referencing Building Models in Industry Foundation Classes for BIM/GIS Integration. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 362. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10060362

AMA Style

Zhu J, Wu P. A Common Approach to Geo-Referencing Building Models in Industry Foundation Classes for BIM/GIS Integration. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(6):362. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10060362

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhu, Junxiang, and Peng Wu. 2021. "A Common Approach to Geo-Referencing Building Models in Industry Foundation Classes for BIM/GIS Integration" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 6: 362. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10060362

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop