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Article

Assessing Earthquake Impacts and Monitoring Resilience of Historic Areas: Methods for GIS Tools

1
Laboratory for the Analysis and Protection of Critical Infrastructures, Casaccia Research Centre, ENEA, National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Via Anguillarese, 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bologna University, Mura Anteo Zamboni, 7, 40126 Bologna, Italy
3
Cultural Heritage Lab., INGV, National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, Remote Sensing Unit–ONT, Via P. Bucci-Cube 30/C-7th Floor, 87036 Rende, Italy
4
IAIS, Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems, Schloss Birlinghoven, 53757 Sankt Augustin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wolfgang Kainz and Himan Shahabi
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(7), 461; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10070461
Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 24 June 2021 / Published: 6 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geomatics and Geo-Information in Earthquake Studies)
Historic areas (HAs) are highly vulnerable to natural hazards, including earthquakes, that can cause severe damage, if not total destruction. This paper proposes methods that can be implemented through a geographical information system to assess earthquake-induced physical damages and the resulting impacts on the functions of HAs and to monitor their resilience. For the assessment of damages, making reference to the universally recognised procedure of convoluting hazard, exposure, and vulnerability, this paper proposes (a) a framework for assessing hazard maps of both real and end-user defined earthquakes; (b) a classification of the exposed elements of the built environment; and (c) an index-based seismic vulnerability assessment method for heritage buildings. Moving towards the continuous monitoring of resilience, an index-based assessment method is proposed to quantify how the functions of HAs recover over time. The implementation of the proposed methods in an ad hoc customized WebGIS Decision Support System, referred to as ARCH DSS, is demonstrated in this paper with reference to the historic area of Camerino-San Severino (Italy). Our conclusions show how ARCH DSS can inform and contribute to increasing awareness of the vulnerabilities of HAs and of the severity of the potential impacts, thus supporting effective decision making on mitigation strategies, post-disaster response, and build back better. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographic information system; historic areas; assessment of earthquake-induced damage and impact; resilience monitoring geographic information system; historic areas; assessment of earthquake-induced damage and impact; resilience monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giovinazzi, S.; Marchili, C.; Di Pietro, A.; Giordano, L.; Costanzo, A.; La Porta, L.; Pollino, M.; Rosato, V.; Lückerath, D.; Milde, K.; Ullrich, O. Assessing Earthquake Impacts and Monitoring Resilience of Historic Areas: Methods for GIS Tools. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 461. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10070461

AMA Style

Giovinazzi S, Marchili C, Di Pietro A, Giordano L, Costanzo A, La Porta L, Pollino M, Rosato V, Lückerath D, Milde K, Ullrich O. Assessing Earthquake Impacts and Monitoring Resilience of Historic Areas: Methods for GIS Tools. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(7):461. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10070461

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giovinazzi, Sonia, Corinna Marchili, Antonio Di Pietro, Ludovica Giordano, Antonio Costanzo, Luigi La Porta, Maurizio Pollino, Vittorio Rosato, Daniel Lückerath, Katharina Milde, and Oliver Ullrich. 2021. "Assessing Earthquake Impacts and Monitoring Resilience of Historic Areas: Methods for GIS Tools" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 7: 461. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi10070461

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