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Article

Optimal Location Analysis of Delivery Parcel-Pickup Points Using AHP and Network Huff Model: A Case Study of Shiweitang Sub-District in Guangzhou City, China

1
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
2
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(4), 193; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9040193
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodata Science and Spatial Analysis in Urban Studies)
The use of parcel-pickup points (PPPs) is an effective approach for solving the last-mile problem. However, few studies provide specific guidance for the optimal organization of PPPs. Here, a geographic information system(GIS)-based hybrid model was developed combining the widely used analytic hierarchy process (AHP) multi-criteria analysis method with the Huff model that predicts the number of visiting customers to determine the optimal facility for collaboration and service as a PPP. Using this model, a decision-maker can select the highest-ranking facility or use the fluctuation ranking graph to determine a priority list of candidate facilities according to the appropriate PPP service distance. Our findings suggest that the optimal candidate facility should be located near high population density areas, a dense road network, and few geographic barriers. The facility should have a high attractiveness value, long business hours, and convenient access to public transportation, cover a large, high-population area, and should be a retail chain store. Based on these findings, the AHP method can improve the accuracy of obtaining the facility attractiveness value using the Huff model. Facility attractiveness has a strong effect on the resulting number of customers in the case of acceptably long distances to residential buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: parcel-pickup point(PPP); Geographic Information System(GIS); Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP); network Huff model; optimal location parcel-pickup point(PPP); Geographic Information System(GIS); Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP); network Huff model; optimal location
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, Z.; Morimoto, T.; Murayama, Y. Optimal Location Analysis of Delivery Parcel-Pickup Points Using AHP and Network Huff Model: A Case Study of Shiweitang Sub-District in Guangzhou City, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 193. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9040193

AMA Style

Zheng Z, Morimoto T, Murayama Y. Optimal Location Analysis of Delivery Parcel-Pickup Points Using AHP and Network Huff Model: A Case Study of Shiweitang Sub-District in Guangzhou City, China. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020; 9(4):193. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9040193

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Zilai, Takehiro Morimoto, and Yuji Murayama. 2020. "Optimal Location Analysis of Delivery Parcel-Pickup Points Using AHP and Network Huff Model: A Case Study of Shiweitang Sub-District in Guangzhou City, China" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 9, no. 4: 193. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijgi9040193

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