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Information and Communication Technologies to Support Early Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
Review

Detection of Early Warning Signs in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review

1
Institute of Biomedical Research of Málaga (IBIMA), 29010 Malaga, Spain
2
Hogar Abierto, 29001 Malaga, Spain
3
Faculty of Psychology, University of Málaga, 29010 Malaga, Spain
4
Research Group PREVENT-Rare (PAIDI CTS456), 29009 Malaga, Spain
5
International Institute of Innovation and attention to neurodevelopment and language I3NEL, 29011 Malaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco Alcantud-Marín
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
Due to the exponential increase of autism spectrum disorders’ prevalence in Western countries, it is necessary to improve early detection and intervention to enhance developmental milestones. This systematic review identified the most effective screening instrument, which can be used at an early age and which identifies the maximum number of autism cases. We identified several instruments with adequate predictive properties—the Autism Parent Screen for Infants (APSI), Battelle Development Inventory, second edition (BDI-2); Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA); First Year Inventory (FYI); Infant-Toddler Checklist/Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile (ITC/CSBS-DP); Program of Research and Studies on AUTISM (PREAUT-Grid); Checklist for Early Signs of Developmental Disorders (CESDD); Social Attention and Communication Study (SACS); and the Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children (STAT)—that can be applied from 12 months of age in Western countries. The ITC/CSBS-DP has been proposed for universal screening from 12 months of age onwards, complemented by the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised/Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F), which can be used from 15 months of age onwards. This strategy could improve early detection in at-risk children within the current health system, thus allowing for early intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASD; early detection; risk markers; screening; theoretical study ASD; early detection; risk markers; screening; theoretical study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salgado-Cacho, J.M.; Moreno-Jiménez, M.d.P.; de Diego-Otero, Y. Detection of Early Warning Signs in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review. Children 2021, 8, 164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020164

AMA Style

Salgado-Cacho JM, Moreno-Jiménez MdP, de Diego-Otero Y. Detection of Early Warning Signs in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review. Children. 2021; 8(2):164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salgado-Cacho, José M., María d.P. Moreno-Jiménez, and Yolanda de Diego-Otero. 2021. "Detection of Early Warning Signs in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review" Children 8, no. 2: 164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/children8020164

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