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Open AccessReview

Magnetic Materials and Systems: Domain Structure Visualization and Other Characterization Techniques for the Application in the Materials Science and Biomedicine

1
Department of Applied Science and Technology DISAT, Polytechnic of Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
2
Department of Chemistry and NIS Centre, University of Torino, Via P. Giuria 7, 10125 Torino, Italy
3
Molecular and Preclinical Imaging Centers, Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, University of Torino, 10126 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Independent Researcher, Via Borgomasino 39, 10149 Torino, Italy.
Received: 23 September 2019 / Revised: 28 December 2019 / Accepted: 31 December 2019 / Published: 17 January 2020
Magnetic structures have attracted a great interest due to their multiple applications, from physics to biomedicine. Several techniques are currently employed to investigate magnetic characteristics and other physicochemical properties of magnetic structures. The major objective of this review is to summarize the current knowledge on the usage, advances, advantages, and disadvantages of a large number of techniques that are currently available to characterize magnetic systems. The present review, aiming at helping in the choice of the most suitable method as appropriate, is divided into three sections dedicated to characterization techniques. Firstly, the magnetism and magnetization (hysteresis) techniques are introduced. Secondly, the visualization methods of the domain structures by means of different probes are illustrated. Lastly, the characterization of magnetic nanosystems in view of possible biomedical applications is discussed, including the exploitation of magnetism in imaging for cell tracking/visualization of pathological alterations in living systems (mainly by magnetic resonance imaging, MRI). View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic materials; nanostructured materials; magnetic nanoparticles; magnetometry; magnetic hysteresis; magnetic domain visualization; magnetic resonance imaging; magnetic fluid hyperthermia; magnetic particle toxicity magnetic materials; nanostructured materials; magnetic nanoparticles; magnetometry; magnetic hysteresis; magnetic domain visualization; magnetic resonance imaging; magnetic fluid hyperthermia; magnetic particle toxicity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nisticò, R.; Cesano, F.; Garello, F. Magnetic Materials and Systems: Domain Structure Visualization and Other Characterization Techniques for the Application in the Materials Science and Biomedicine. Inorganics 2020, 8, 6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/inorganics8010006

AMA Style

Nisticò R, Cesano F, Garello F. Magnetic Materials and Systems: Domain Structure Visualization and Other Characterization Techniques for the Application in the Materials Science and Biomedicine. Inorganics. 2020; 8(1):6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/inorganics8010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nisticò, Roberto; Cesano, Federico; Garello, Francesca. 2020. "Magnetic Materials and Systems: Domain Structure Visualization and Other Characterization Techniques for the Application in the Materials Science and Biomedicine" Inorganics 8, no. 1: 6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/inorganics8010006

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