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Article

Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children with Intellectual Disabilities

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Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gunduliceva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Dental Polyclinic Zagreb, Perkovceva 3, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gunduliceva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jukka Meurman
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 2 February 2021 / Accepted: 7 February 2021 / Published: 11 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health Care in Paediatric Dentistry)
The aim of the study is to compare the frequency and the distribution of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in children with intellectual disabilities. Methods: Seventy-two children with intellectual disabilities and 72 healthy children were included in the study. They ranged in age from 5 to 18 years with the same distribution by age and sex. Standard clinical examination was performed, at a dental clinic or in the institution where the children lived, by using a dental mirror and a probe, according the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry judgment criteria for MIH. Results: Among the 72 children with intellectual disabilities, eight children (11.1%) presented MIH with 19 affected teeth. In the control group, one child (1.4%) presented MIH with two affected teeth. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.033). There were no statistically significant differences between boys and girls. The molars, especially the first right molars were the most affected tooth. Brown defects were less common than white defects. Conclusion: Children with MIH should be identified because this condition is a common problem in children with intellectual disabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: dentistry; paediatric dentistry; paedodontics; molar incisor hypomineralization; intellectual disability dentistry; paediatric dentistry; paedodontics; molar incisor hypomineralization; intellectual disability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brzovic Rajic, V.; Modric, V.E.; Ivanisevic Malcic, A.; Gorseta, K.; Karlovic, Z.; Verzak, Z. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 21. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9020021

AMA Style

Brzovic Rajic V, Modric VE, Ivanisevic Malcic A, Gorseta K, Karlovic Z, Verzak Z. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(2):21. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9020021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brzovic Rajic, Valentina, Vesna E. Modric, Ana Ivanisevic Malcic, Kristina Gorseta, Zoran Karlovic, and Zeljko Verzak. 2021. "Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Children with Intellectual Disabilities" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 2: 21. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/dj9020021

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