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Integrated IEW-TOPSIS and Fire Dynamics Simulation for Agent-Based Evacuation Modeling in Industrial Safety

Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubonratchathani 34190, Thailand
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Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Received: 21 February 2021 / Revised: 16 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
Emergency events in the industrial sector have been increasingly reported during the past decade. However, studies that focus on emergency evacuation to improve industrial safety are still scarce. Existing evacuation-related studies also lack a perspective of fire assembly point’s analysis. In this research, location of assembly points is analyzed using the multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) technique based on the integrated information entropy weight (IEW) and techniques for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) to support the fire evacuation plan. Next, we propose a novel simulation model that integrates fire dynamics simulation coupled with agent-based evacuation simulation to evaluate the impact of smoke and visibility from fire on evacuee behavior. Factors related to agent and building characteristics are examined for fire perception of evacuees, evacuees with physical disabilities, escape door width, fire location, and occupancy density. Then, the proposed model is applied to a case study of a home appliance factory in Chachoengsao, Thailand. Finally, results for the total evacuation time and the number of remaining occupants are statistically examined to suggest proper evacuation planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: fire dynamics simulation; evacuation model; assembly point selection; industrial safety; information entropy weight; techniques for order preference by similarity to ideal solution fire dynamics simulation; evacuation model; assembly point selection; industrial safety; information entropy weight; techniques for order preference by similarity to ideal solution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chanthakhot, W.; Ransikarbum, K. Integrated IEW-TOPSIS and Fire Dynamics Simulation for Agent-Based Evacuation Modeling in Industrial Safety. Safety 2021, 7, 47. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020047

AMA Style

Chanthakhot W, Ransikarbum K. Integrated IEW-TOPSIS and Fire Dynamics Simulation for Agent-Based Evacuation Modeling in Industrial Safety. Safety. 2021; 7(2):47. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chanthakhot, Wattana, and Kasin Ransikarbum. 2021. "Integrated IEW-TOPSIS and Fire Dynamics Simulation for Agent-Based Evacuation Modeling in Industrial Safety" Safety 7, no. 2: 47. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020047

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