Next Article in Journal
Aeromonas sobria Induced Sepsis Complicated with Necrotizing Fasciitis in a Child with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Previous Article in Journal
AHR:IKAROS Interaction Promotes Platelet Biogenesis in Response to SR1
Review

Ultrasonographic Findings in Common Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders—Advantages of Real Time Observation by the Endocrinologist with their Own Ultrasound Machine

1
Department of Health Sciences, Macquarie University Balaclava Rd, Macquarie Park, NSW 2109, Australia
2
Cleveland Clinic, Island-59 Hamouda Bin Ali Al Dhaheri St, Jazeerat Al Maryah, Abu Dhabi FR27613, United Arab Emirates
3
Department of Medicine, Nepean Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jolanta Krajewska
Received: 25 January 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
In this review we discuss the significance of the main ultrasonographic features of common thyroid and parathyroid conditions, with a focus on the advantages of real time observation. The thyroid specialist, defined as an endocrinologist with a major interest in thyroid disorders and access to a portable ultrasound machine, can correlate what they see with the thyroid blood test results and clinical findings in a way that is not available to the general endocrinologist who relies on the interpretation by the consultant radiologist of ultrasound images prepared by a technician. We also discuss the significance of the small, very bright, intra nodular microcalcifications found in benign colloid nodules, which we call “colloid spots” and the difference between these and the 3–4 mm soft microcalcifications that are 90% specific for papillary thyroid cancer and provide a new system for staging the inflammatory changes in Hashimoto thyroiditis, as observed on ultrasonography. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasonography; ultrasound machine; thyroid; parathyroid; intra nodular microcalcification; Graves’ hyperthyroidism; Hashimoto thyroiditis ultrasonography; ultrasound machine; thyroid; parathyroid; intra nodular microcalcification; Graves’ hyperthyroidism; Hashimoto thyroiditis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wall, J.; Champion, B.; El-Kaissi, S.; Lahooti, H. Ultrasonographic Findings in Common Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders—Advantages of Real Time Observation by the Endocrinologist with their Own Ultrasound Machine. Reports 2021, 4, 8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/reports4010008

AMA Style

Wall J, Champion B, El-Kaissi S, Lahooti H. Ultrasonographic Findings in Common Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders—Advantages of Real Time Observation by the Endocrinologist with their Own Ultrasound Machine. Reports. 2021; 4(1):8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/reports4010008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wall, Jack, Bernard Champion, Samer El-Kaissi, and Hooshang Lahooti. 2021. "Ultrasonographic Findings in Common Thyroid and Parathyroid Disorders—Advantages of Real Time Observation by the Endocrinologist with their Own Ultrasound Machine" Reports 4, no. 1: 8. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/reports4010008

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop