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Prosthesis, Volume 2, Issue 3 (September 2020) – 9 articles

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Open AccessArticle
Preliminary Study on the Assessment of the Marginal Fit of Three-Dimensional Methacrylate Oligomer Phosphine Oxide Provisional Fixed Dental Prostheses Made by Digital Light Processing
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 240-245; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030021 - 07 Sep 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 564
Abstract
This article aimed to assess the marginal fit of methacrylate-oligomer-phosphine-oxide curable-resin provisional-fixed dental prostheses made by digital-light-processing (DLP) three-dimensional (3D) printing. A stainless-steel master model with two abutments was scanned, and five three-unit provisional bridges were designed and printed in VITA shade A3.5 [...] Read more.
This article aimed to assess the marginal fit of methacrylate-oligomer-phosphine-oxide curable-resin provisional-fixed dental prostheses made by digital-light-processing (DLP) three-dimensional (3D) printing. A stainless-steel master model with two abutments was scanned, and five three-unit provisional bridges were designed and printed in VITA shade A3.5 curable resin in 50 μm-thick layers. The marginal fit of each abutment was measured at six points using a profile projector. A descriptive data analysis of the fit measurements was performed by descriptive and explorative processes with the SPSS software. The curable-resin provisional restorations made by DLP 3D printing reached values of 46.37 μm (SD: 29.58 μm), which were considered clinically acceptable, with values similar to polyethylene-methacrylate and polyether-ether-ketone provisional restorations. Full article
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Open AccessEditorial
Invasive versus Non-Invasive Neuroprosthetics of the Upper Limb: Which Way to Go?
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 237-239; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030020 - 05 Sep 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 739
Abstract
In this editorial, a topic for general discussion in the field of neuroprosthetics of the upper limb is addressed: which way—invasive or non-invasive—is the right one for the future in the development of neuroprosthetic concepts. At present, two groups of research priorities (namely [...] Read more.
In this editorial, a topic for general discussion in the field of neuroprosthetics of the upper limb is addressed: which way—invasive or non-invasive—is the right one for the future in the development of neuroprosthetic concepts. At present, two groups of research priorities (namely the invasive versus the non-invasive approach) seem to be emerging, without taking a closer look at the wishes but also the concerns of the patients. This piece is intended to stimulate the discussion on this. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Finite Element Analysis of a New Dental Implant Design Optimized for the Desirable Stress Distribution in the Surrounding Bone Region
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 225-236; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030019 - 24 Aug 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 804
Abstract
Dental implant macro- and micro-shape should be designed to maximize the delivery of optimal favorable stresses in the surrounding bone region. The present study aimed to evaluate the stress distribution in cortical and cancellous bone surrounding two models of dental implants with the [...] Read more.
Dental implant macro- and micro-shape should be designed to maximize the delivery of optimal favorable stresses in the surrounding bone region. The present study aimed to evaluate the stress distribution in cortical and cancellous bone surrounding two models of dental implants with the same diameter and length (4.0 × 11 mm) and different implant/neck design and thread patterns. Sample A was a standard cylindric implant with cylindric neck and V-shaped threads, and sample B was a new conical implant with reverse conical neck and with “nest shape” thread design, optimized for the favorable stress distribution in the peri-implant marginal bone region. Materials and methods: The three-dimensional model was composed of trabecular and cortical bone corresponding to the first premolar mandibular region. The response to static forces on the samples A and B were compared by finite element analysis (FEA) using an axial load of 100 N and an oblique load of 223.6 N (resulting from a vertical load of 100 N and a horizontal load of 200 N). Results: Both samples provided acceptable results under loadings, but the model B implant design showed lower strain values than the model A implant design, especially in cortical bone surrounding the neck region of the implant. Conclusions: Within the limitation of the present study, analyses suggest that the new dental implant design may minimize the transfer of stress to the peri-implant cortical bone. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Zein/Bioactive Glass Coatings with Controlled Degradation of Magnesium under Physiological Conditions: Designed for Orthopedic Implants
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 211-224; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030018 - 19 Aug 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 651
Abstract
Magnesium and its alloys are widely considered as temporary bio-implants owing to their mechanical properties and biocompatibility. However, the high corrosion rates and degradation in the physiological environment restrict the practical application of Mg as a biomedical device. Therefore, in this study, Zein/45S5 [...] Read more.
Magnesium and its alloys are widely considered as temporary bio-implants owing to their mechanical properties and biocompatibility. However, the high corrosion rates and degradation in the physiological environment restrict the practical application of Mg as a biomedical device. Therefore, in this study, Zein/45S5 bioactive glass (BG) coatings were deposited via electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on pretreated pure magnesium (Mg) substrates, which controls the rapid degradation of magnesium. The set of EPD parameters was first optimized on stainless steel (SS) and then the optimum EPD parameters were applied to obtain zein/BG composite coatings on Mg substrates. The morphology of the obtained coatings was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM results showed that both zein and BG were successfully deposited on the surface of the Mg substrate. Electrochemical measurements consisting of open circuit potential (OCP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and potentiodynamic polarization confirmed that the corrosion resistance of Mg improved after the deposition of zein/BG coatings. The in-vitro bioactivity study was carried out by immersing the zein/BG coatings in simulated body fluid for 3, 7, and 21 days. SEM, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results elucidated that the hydroxyapatite layer developed after 21 days of immersion in SBF, which confirmed the bone binding ability of the coatings. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
The Digital Integrated Workflow in the Aesthetic Management of the Smile: A Case Report
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 196-210; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030017 - 18 Aug 2020
Viewed by 708
Abstract
The aesthetic treatment for anterior teeth requires a series of clinical and technical evaluations to obtain a predictable result, following a well-defined operating sequence. Today, the clinical–technical team can use different digital tools in the different steps of the workflow. A preventive assessment, [...] Read more.
The aesthetic treatment for anterior teeth requires a series of clinical and technical evaluations to obtain a predictable result, following a well-defined operating sequence. Today, the clinical–technical team can use different digital tools in the different steps of the workflow. A preventive assessment, the knowledge of limits, and the possibilities of surgical and prosthetic procedures allow to use these devices. Sharing goals of the treatment with the patient according to their expectations and needs is the key point of the treatment plan. Setting a defined treatment plan avoids invasive procedures. In this clinical case report, a 27-year-old patient affected by Class II div 2 malocclusion with deep bite was treated with a full digital workflow. Previewing the aesthetics was through dedicated software, which shows operators and patients the objectives of the therapy and guides the dental technician in the first phase of the work. The use of digital flows in the prosthetic phases reduces the working time. In this case, it shows the impact of a digital workflow on peri-prosthetic therapy for the aesthetic rehabilitation of the upper central incisors in a young adult. Full article
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Open AccessBrief Report
Proposal for a Clinical Approach to Geriatric Patients with Anchor Need on Implant for Removable Denture: New Technique
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 185-195; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030016 - 03 Aug 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 624
Abstract
A method is proposed using a silicone tube to allow the restoration of incongruous prostheses due to the retention of removable prostheses anchored to implants by ball-attachment, also in medical facilities Health Care Residence (RSA) where the equipment characteristic of dental clinics is [...] Read more.
A method is proposed using a silicone tube to allow the restoration of incongruous prostheses due to the retention of removable prostheses anchored to implants by ball-attachment, also in medical facilities Health Care Residence (RSA) where the equipment characteristic of dental clinics is lacking. One hundred and thirty-seven patients belonging to the Health Care Residence of the Monza and Brianza area were analyzed. Of these, 13 required retention replacement for ball attachment of total lower prostheses to implant anchorage. The new retention procedure was carried out with the patients bedridden according to the methodology of the present work. All 13 patients were perfectly rehabilitated in the Health Care Residence offices without discomfort and pain. The method presented is easily repeatable, risk-free and can also be carried out in structures not dedicated to dentistry, saving economic resources and inconveniences for patients who are not cooperative. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prosthesis and Prosthetic Materials)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
A Finite Element Model for Trigger Finger
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 168-184; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030015 - 22 Jul 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1150
Abstract
The aim of this study was to develop a finite element model to investigate the forces on tendons which ensue due to trigger finger. The model was used to simulate both flexor and extensor tendons within the index finger; two test cases were [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to develop a finite element model to investigate the forces on tendons which ensue due to trigger finger. The model was used to simulate both flexor and extensor tendons within the index finger; two test cases were defined, simulating a “mildly” and “severely” affected tendon by applying constraints. The finger was simulated in three different directions: extension, abduction and hyper-extension. There was increased tension during hyper-extension, with tension in the mildly affected tendon increasing from 1.54 to 2.67 N. Furthermore, there was a consistent relationship between force and displacement, with a substantial change in the gradient of the force when the constraints of the condition were applied for all movements. The intention of this study is that the simulation framework is used to enable the in silico development of novel prosthetic devices to aid with treatment of trigger finger, given that, currently, the non-surgical first line of treatment is a splint. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Cell-Based Therapy in Repairing Peripheral Nerve Gap Defects
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 153-167; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030014 - 04 Jul 2020
Viewed by 693
Abstract
Nerve prostheses are widely utilized to reconstruct segmental (gap) defects in peripheral nerves as an alternative to nerve grafting. However, with increasing gap length, the effectiveness of a nerve prosthesis becomes sub-optimal, which subsequently has made repairing larger gaps in peripheral nerves a [...] Read more.
Nerve prostheses are widely utilized to reconstruct segmental (gap) defects in peripheral nerves as an alternative to nerve grafting. However, with increasing gap length, the effectiveness of a nerve prosthesis becomes sub-optimal, which subsequently has made repairing larger gaps in peripheral nerves a significant challenge in the field of regenerative medicine. Recently, the structure of nerve prostheses has been significantly revised, which interestingly, has provided a promising avenue for the housing and proliferation of supportive cells. In this systematic review, cell implantation in synthetic nerve prostheses to enhance the regenerative capability of an injured nerve with a focus on identifying the cell type and mode of cell delivery is discussed. Of interest are the studies employing supportive cells to bridge gaps greater than 10 mm without the aid of nerve growth factors. The results have shown that cell therapy in conjunction with nerve prostheses becomes inevitable and has dramatically boosted the ability of these prostheses to maintain sustainable nerve regeneration across larger gaps and helped to attain functional recovery, which is the ultimate goal. The statistical analysis supports the use of differentiated bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells suspended in oxygen-carrying hydrogels in chitosan prostheses for bridging gaps of up to 40 mm; however, based on the imperfect repair outcomes, nerve grafting should not yet be replaced altogether. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Biology, Regenerative and Staminal Cells)
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Open AccessCase Report
Implant-Supported Prosthetic Therapy of an Edentulous Patient: Clinical and Technical Aspects
Prosthesis 2020, 2(3), 140-152; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/prosthesis2030013 - 01 Jul 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 913
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to show how to implement an implant-supported prosthetic overdenture using a digital workflow. Esthetic previewing using a specific software, guided-surgery, construction of the prosthesis, and the esthetic finalization are described in this article. Patients suffering from severe [...] Read more.
The purpose of this article is to show how to implement an implant-supported prosthetic overdenture using a digital workflow. Esthetic previewing using a specific software, guided-surgery, construction of the prosthesis, and the esthetic finalization are described in this article. Patients suffering from severe loss of bone and soft tissue volume could benefit from the construction of an overdenture prosthesis as a feasible therapeutic choice for functional and esthetic issues of the patient. Full article
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