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Article

COVID-19 Epidemic in Bangladesh among Rural and Urban Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices

1
Department of Statistics, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur 5400, Bangladesh
2
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA
3
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
4
Health Sciences School, The University of Sheffield, Barber House Annexe, 3a Clarkehouse Road, Sheffield S10 2LA, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 21 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evolving COVID-19 Epidemiology and Dynamics)
As other nations around the world, Bangladesh is facing enormous challenges with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic. To design a prevention and control strategy for this new infectious disease, it is essential to first understand people’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19. This study sought to determine KAP among rural and urban residents as well as predictors of preventive practices associated with COVID-19 in Bangladesh. A social media-based (Facebook) cross-sectional survey was conducted to explore these variables among Bangladeshi adults. Of 1520 respondents who completed the questionnaire, low level of good or sufficient knowledge of COVID-19 (70.8%) and practices associated with COVID-19 (73.8%) were found. Despite the low level of knowledge and practices, respondents’ attitude (78.9%) towards COVID-19 was relatively high. Results suggest that compared to urban, rural residents are at a particularly high risk of COVID-19 because they were found to have significantly lower knowledge (p = 0.001) and practice levels (p = 0.002) than were urban residents. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified gender, education, knowledge of COVID-19 transmission, signs and symptoms, and sources of information as factors significantly associated with preventive practices against COVID-19. Further attention and effort should be directed toward increasing both knowledge and practices targeting the general population in Bangladesh, particularly the rural and less educated residents. Findings from this study provide baseline data that can be used to promote integrated awareness of and effective health education programs about COVID-19 prevention and control strategies in Bangladesh, and similar COVID-19 endemic countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; Bangladesh; prevention; control COVID-19; Bangladesh; prevention; control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, M.S.; Karamehic-Muratovic, A.; Amrin, M.; Chowdhury, A.H.; Mondol, M.S.; Haque, U.; Ali, P. COVID-19 Epidemic in Bangladesh among Rural and Urban Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices. Epidemiologia 2021, 2, 1-13. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia2010001

AMA Style

Rahman MS, Karamehic-Muratovic A, Amrin M, Chowdhury AH, Mondol MS, Haque U, Ali P. COVID-19 Epidemic in Bangladesh among Rural and Urban Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices. Epidemiologia. 2021; 2(1):1-13. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia2010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rahman, Md. S., Ajlina Karamehic-Muratovic, Miftahuzzannat Amrin, Arman H. Chowdhury, Md. S. Mondol, Ubydul Haque, and Parveen Ali. 2021. "COVID-19 Epidemic in Bangladesh among Rural and Urban Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" Epidemiologia 2, no. 1: 1-13. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/epidemiologia2010001

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