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Review

A Review of the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polyethylene Fibers

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Institut Pprime, UPR3346 CNRS, ISAE-ENSMA, Université de Poitiers, CEDEX, 86962 Futuroscope Chasseneuil, France
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TOTAL S.A., Tour Coupole La Défense, 2 Place Jean Millier, 92078 Paris, France
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Centre de Recherche Hutchinson, Rue Gustave Nourry BP31, 45120 Châlette-sur-Loing, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajesh Mishra
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibrous Materials (Textiles) for Functional Applications)
Since the 1970s and 1980s, a major effort has been made to study UHMWPE (Ultra-High Molecular Weight PolyEthylene) fibers with remarkable mechanical properties, based on a basic polymer such as PE (PolyEthylene). These performances are above all associated with a very strong alignment of the molecules and the microfibrillar structures formed using various processes. However, they vary greatly depending on many parameters, and particularly on the draw ratio. Thus, these characteristics have been extensively analyzed by dynamic, static tensile, and creep tests, and are predominantly viscoelastic. The behavior appears to be associated with physical considerations and with the characteristic orthorhombic-hexagonal solid phase transition. The presence of a hexagonal phase is detrimental to the behavior because the chains slide easily relative to each other. Shifting this transition to higher temperatures is a challenge and many factors influence it and the temperature at which it takes place, such as the application of stress or annealing. The objective here is to give an overview of what has been done so far to understand the behavior of UHMWPE yarns. This is important given future numerical modeling work on the dimensioning of structural parts in which these UHMWPE yarns will be reinforcements within composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: UHMWPE fibers; UHMWPE processing; thermomechanical properties; relation structure/properties UHMWPE fibers; UHMWPE processing; thermomechanical properties; relation structure/properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roiron, C.; Lainé, E.; Grandidier, J.-C.; Garois, N.; Vix-Guterl, C. A Review of the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polyethylene Fibers. Textiles 2021, 1, 86-151. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010006

AMA Style

Roiron C, Lainé E, Grandidier J-C, Garois N, Vix-Guterl C. A Review of the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polyethylene Fibers. Textiles. 2021; 1(1):86-151. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roiron, Coline, Eric Lainé, Jean-Claude Grandidier, Nicolas Garois, and Cathie Vix-Guterl. 2021. "A Review of the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polyethylene Fibers" Textiles 1, no. 1: 86-151. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1010006

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