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Overview of Nano-Fiber Mats Fabrication via Electrospinning and Morphology Analysis

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Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
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School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
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Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
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School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
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Integrated Nanosystems Development Institute, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ick-Soo Kim, Marie-Ange Bueno and Philippe Boisse
Received: 25 April 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 4 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibrous Materials (Textiles) for Functional Applications)
Electrospun nano-fibers exhibit two significant properties: a high surface-to-volume ratio and a relatively defect-free molecular structure. Due to the high surface-to-volume ratio, electro-spun materials are well suited for activities requiring increased physical contact, such as providing a site for a chemical reaction or filtration of small-sized physical materials. However, electrospinning has many shortcomings, including difficulties in producing inorganic nanofibers and a limited number or variety of polymers used in the process. The fabrication of nanofiber bundles via electrospinning is explored in this analytical study and the relationship between all effective electrospinning parameters and the relative abundance of various fiber morphologies. Numerous variables could impact the fabrication of nanofibers, resulting in a variety of morphologies such as uniform, entangled, individual beads, beads-on-string, etc. Therefore, adequate ambient conditions and selecting the appropriate polymer and solvent for achieving a homogenous polymer solution and uniform with desired nanofiber properties for different applications of electro-spun materials are examined. Finally, the promising applications of nano-fine fibers in various fields achieved via electrospinning are studied in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrospinning; nano-fiber; morphology electrospinning; nano-fiber; morphology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmadian, A.; Shafiee, A.; Aliahmad, N.; Agarwal, M. Overview of Nano-Fiber Mats Fabrication via Electrospinning and Morphology Analysis. Textiles 2021, 1, 206-226. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1020010

AMA Style

Ahmadian A, Shafiee A, Aliahmad N, Agarwal M. Overview of Nano-Fiber Mats Fabrication via Electrospinning and Morphology Analysis. Textiles. 2021; 1(2):206-226. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1020010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmadian, Amirhossein, Abbas Shafiee, Nojan Aliahmad, and Mangilal Agarwal. 2021. "Overview of Nano-Fiber Mats Fabrication via Electrospinning and Morphology Analysis" Textiles 1, no. 2: 206-226. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/textiles1020010

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