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Review

Pulmonary Hypertension in Pregnancy: A Review

1
Internal Medicine, University of North Texas, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
2
Internal Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Candelli
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 3 March 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pulmonary Embolism Research)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease, which targets the pulmonary vasculature affecting the heart and the lungs, and is characterized by a vast array of signs and symptoms. These manifestations of PH in pregnancy are highly variable and non-specific hence, it is prudent to have a very keen and high index of suspicion while evaluating these patients. This rare disease can be extremely debilitating and can be associated with a poor overall prognosis. Pregnancy in women with PH puts them at an elevated risk because the physiological changes associated with pregnancy are not well endured leading to even higher morbidity and mortality in these patients. Although there are various modalities for evaluation and workup of PH, right heart catheterization (RHC) remains the gold standard. A mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) of more than 20 mm of Hg is considered diagnostic. It is indeed heartening to see that in the past decade many novel therapeutic modalities have emerged and along with a better understanding of the disease process have proved to be promising in terms of reducing the adverse outcomes and preventing death in this population of patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary arterial hypertension; pregnancy; right heart catheterization; pulmonary arterial pressure; pulmonary vascular resistance; systemic vascular resistance; cardiac output; right heart failure pulmonary hypertension; pulmonary arterial hypertension; pregnancy; right heart catheterization; pulmonary arterial pressure; pulmonary vascular resistance; systemic vascular resistance; cardiac output; right heart failure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anjum, H.; Surani, S. Pulmonary Hypertension in Pregnancy: A Review. Medicina 2021, 57, 259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030259

AMA Style

Anjum H, Surani S. Pulmonary Hypertension in Pregnancy: A Review. Medicina. 2021; 57(3):259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030259

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anjum, Humayun, and Salim Surani. 2021. "Pulmonary Hypertension in Pregnancy: A Review" Medicina 57, no. 3: 259. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030259

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