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Article

Motivation in the Athens Classic Marathon: The Role of Sex, Age, and Performance Level in Greek Recreational Marathon Runners

1
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
2
School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece
3
UFR APS, Université Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Grenoble, France
4
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
5
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2549; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142549
Received: 23 June 2019 / Revised: 10 July 2019 / Accepted: 15 July 2019 / Published: 17 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The aim of the present study was to examine the motivation of recreational runners and its variation by sex, age, and performance level. Finishers (female: n = 32, age 40.1 ± 9.0 years old, height 162 ± 7 cm, body mass 57.7 ± 7.5 kg, race record 4:34 ± 0:39 h:min; male: n = 134, 44.2 ± 8.6 years, 176 ± 6 cm, 77.0 ± 9.3 kg, 4:02 ± 0:44 h:min) in the Athens Classic Marathon 2017 completed the Motivations of Marathoners Scales (MOMS) 56-item questionnaire. The highest scores in the MOMS were observed in the general health orientation and personal goal achievement categories, and the lowest in the recognition and competition areas. Female participants scored higher in coping, self-esteem, and goal achievement than their male counterparts (p < 0.05). The <30 age group scored higher than the 35–40 and 40–45 age groups in “competing with other runners” for male participants (p < 0.05). The average performance group outscored the slowest group in “achieving personal goals” and “competing with other runners” in female participants, whereas an effect of performance on these two themes was shown in male participants as well (p < 0.05). In summary, we partially confirmed that female and male marathon runners differ for their motivations. In addition, novel findings were the identification of age and performance level as correlates of motivations. The knowledge of these trends would be of great practical value for practitioners to optimize the motivation of their athletes. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; master athletes; endurance; marathon; personal goal achievement; physical motives; psychology gender; master athletes; endurance; marathon; personal goal achievement; physical motives; psychology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nikolaidis, P.T.; Chalabaev, A.; Rosemann, T.; Knechtle, B. Motivation in the Athens Classic Marathon: The Role of Sex, Age, and Performance Level in Greek Recreational Marathon Runners. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2549. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142549

AMA Style

Nikolaidis PT, Chalabaev A, Rosemann T, Knechtle B. Motivation in the Athens Classic Marathon: The Role of Sex, Age, and Performance Level in Greek Recreational Marathon Runners. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2549. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nikolaidis, Pantelis T., Aïna Chalabaev, Thomas Rosemann, and Beat Knechtle. 2019. "Motivation in the Athens Classic Marathon: The Role of Sex, Age, and Performance Level in Greek Recreational Marathon Runners" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 14: 2549. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142549

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