Next Article in Journal
Pediatric Healthcare Utilization in a Large Cohort of Refugee Children Entering Western Europe During the Migrant Crisis
Next Article in Special Issue
The Preventive Effect of Lactoferrin-Containing Yogurt on Gastroenteritis in Nursery School Children—Intervention Study for 15 Weeks
Previous Article in Journal
Wetlands for Wellbeing: Piloting a Nature-Based Health Intervention for the Management of Anxiety and Depression
Article

Iron and Iodine Status in Pregnant Women from A Developing Country and Its Relation to Pregnancy Outcomes

1
Department of Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3
Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Vienna, Universitätsstrasse 7, 1010 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4414; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224414
Received: 19 September 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 11 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Maternal and Child Healthcare)
Birth related complications and comorbidities are highly associated with a poor nutritional status of pregnant women, whereas iron and iodine are among especially important trace elements for healthy maternal and fetal outcomes. The study compares the status of iron, iodine, and related functional parameters in pregnant and non-pregnant women from a developing country and associates the data with pregnancy complications. The concentrations of ferritin, hemoglobin (Hb), total triiodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were determined in the blood serum of 80 pregnant women at the time of delivery and compared with 40 non-pregnant healthy controls. Spot urine samples were taken to evaluate the urinary iodine concentration (UIC). In pregnant women, ferritin, Hb concentrations, and UIC were significantly lower, and TT4 values were significantly higher compared to controls. Higher Hb levels were tendentially associated with a reduced risk for pregnancy complications (OR = 0.747, CI (95%) 0.556–1.004; p = 0.053). Regarding covariates, only previous miscarriages were marginally associated with pregnancy complications. High consumption of dairy products was associated with lower Hb and ferritin values. Our results suggest that pregnant women from a developing country have lower iron status with Hb levels being possibly associated with pregnancy complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron; iodine; Hb; thyroid hormones; pregnancy complications iron; iodine; Hb; thyroid hormones; pregnancy complications
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Iqbal, S.; Rust, P.; Weitensfelder, L.; Ali, I.; Kundi, M.; Moshammer, H.; Ekmekcioglu, C. Iron and Iodine Status in Pregnant Women from A Developing Country and Its Relation to Pregnancy Outcomes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4414. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224414

AMA Style

Iqbal S, Rust P, Weitensfelder L, Ali I, Kundi M, Moshammer H, Ekmekcioglu C. Iron and Iodine Status in Pregnant Women from A Developing Country and Its Relation to Pregnancy Outcomes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(22):4414. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iqbal, Sehar, Petra Rust, Lisbeth Weitensfelder, Inayat Ali, Michael Kundi, Hanns Moshammer, and Cem Ekmekcioglu. 2019. "Iron and Iodine Status in Pregnant Women from A Developing Country and Its Relation to Pregnancy Outcomes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 22: 4414. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16224414

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop