Next Article in Journal
A Questionnaire Survey of Management of Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in Poland
Next Article in Special Issue
Analyzing the Association between Hyperuricemia and Periodontitis: A Cross-Sectional Study Using KoGES HEXA Data
Previous Article in Journal
Nigella sativa and Its Active Compound, Thymoquinone, Accelerate Wound Healing in an In Vivo Animal Model: A Comprehensive Review
Article

Impact of Molar Furcations on Photodynamic Therapy Outcomes: A 6-Month Split-Mouth Randomized Clinical Trial

1
Department of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, University of Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2
Methodology and Biostatistics Group, Public Health Department, University Hospitals of Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4162; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114162
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 7 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of Risk Factors on Periodontitis and Periodontal Treatment)
The effectiveness of adjunctive photodynamic treatment (PDT) to non-surgical periodontal therapy has been shown to depend on initial periodontal status. As molar furcation involvement impairs healing response to non-surgical periodontal therapy, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of furcation involvement on PDT outcomes. Thirty-six patients suffering from severe chronic periodontitis were included in a 6-month split-mouth randomized clinical trial. PDT applications used the toluidine blue O and a light-emitting diode (LED) with a red spectrum. Repeated PDT applications were performed in addition to non-surgical periodontal treatment at baseline and at 3-months. Pocket probing depth (PPD), plaque index, bleeding on probing, and clinical attachment level were recorded at baseline, and again at 3- and 6-months. Furcation sites of molars were compared to other sites of molars and non-molars. Multilevel analysis showed no PDT effect in molar furcation sites while an additional significant reduction (odds ratio = 0.67) of pockets with PPD > 5 mm in other sites at 3-months was measured. PPD reduction appeared delayed in molar furcation sites treated with PDT. There is no additional apparent benefit to use PDT in molar furcation sites for the reduction of pockets with PPD > 5 mm contrary to other sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontal treatment effectiveness; non-surgical; photodynamic; molar furcation involvement; residual periodontal pocket periodontal treatment effectiveness; non-surgical; photodynamic; molar furcation involvement; residual periodontal pocket
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Courval, A.; Harmouche, L.; Mathieu, A.; Petit, C.; Huck, O.; Séverac, F.; Davideau, J.-L. Impact of Molar Furcations on Photodynamic Therapy Outcomes: A 6-Month Split-Mouth Randomized Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114162

AMA Style

Courval A, Harmouche L, Mathieu A, Petit C, Huck O, Séverac F, Davideau J-L. Impact of Molar Furcations on Photodynamic Therapy Outcomes: A 6-Month Split-Mouth Randomized Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Courval, Aymeric, Laetitia Harmouche, Anne Mathieu, Catherine Petit, Olivier Huck, François Séverac, and Jean-Luc Davideau. 2020. "Impact of Molar Furcations on Photodynamic Therapy Outcomes: A 6-Month Split-Mouth Randomized Clinical Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 4162. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17114162

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop