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Article

Psychological Distress after a Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma in a Group of Patients and Caregivers at the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato

1
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene Department, Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (INAIL), 00143 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy
3
Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
4
Mesothelioma Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera SS Antonio e Biagio e Cesare Arrigo, 15121 Alessandria, Italy
5
Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, UKE—Kore University of Enna, 94100 Enna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4353; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124353
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 12 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Background: Patients of malignant mesothelioma (MM) and their caregivers face significant physical and psychological challenges. The purpose of the present study is to examine the emotional impact after the diagnosis of MM in a group of patients and familial caregivers in a National Priority Contaminated Site (NPCS). Methods: A sample of 108 patients and 94 caregivers received a sociodemographic/clinical questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory II, the Davidson Trauma Scale, the Coping Orientation to the Problems Experienced—New Italian Version, and the Defense style questionnaire. The risk of depressive and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to the strategies of coping and defense mechanisms was estimated in patients and caregivers separately by logistic regression models. Results: For patients, a high risk of depression was associated with high usage of Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) Isolation (OR: 53.33; 95% CI: 3.22–882.30; p = 0.01) and DSQ Somatization (OR: 16.97; 95% CI: 1.04–275.90; p = 0.05). Other significant risks emerged for some coping strategies and some defenses regarding both depression and trauma in patients and caregivers. Conclusions: This research suggests that for both patients and caregivers unconscious adaptive processes have a central role in dealing with overwhelming feelings related to the disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: malignant mesothelioma; emotional distress; contaminated site; depression; trauma; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) malignant mesothelioma; emotional distress; contaminated site; depression; trauma; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
MDPI and ACS Style

Bonafede, M.; Granieri, A.; Binazzi, A.; Mensi, C.; Grosso, F.; Santoro, G.; Franzoi, I.G.; Marinaccio, A.; Guglielmucci, F. Psychological Distress after a Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma in a Group of Patients and Caregivers at the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124353

AMA Style

Bonafede M, Granieri A, Binazzi A, Mensi C, Grosso F, Santoro G, Franzoi IG, Marinaccio A, Guglielmucci F. Psychological Distress after a Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma in a Group of Patients and Caregivers at the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124353

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonafede, Michela, Antonella Granieri, Alessandra Binazzi, Carolina Mensi, Federica Grosso, Gianluca Santoro, Isabella G. Franzoi, Alessandro Marinaccio, and Fanny Guglielmucci. 2020. "Psychological Distress after a Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma in a Group of Patients and Caregivers at the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4353. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17124353

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