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Article

Psychological Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Hungarian Adults

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Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
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Institute of Psychology, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
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The Hungarian Centre of Excellence for Molecular Medicine University of Szeged—HCEMM-USZ Skin Research Group, Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University of Szeged, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
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The Hungarian Centre of Excellence for Molecular Medicine (HCEMM Ltd.), 6723 Szeged, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9565; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249565
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
We aimed to explore psychological effects of the coronavirus pandemic on Hungarian adults in the time of the national quarantine situation in May 2020.We conducted a cross-sectional observational study with the use of an anonymous online questionnaire that consisted of 65 items. The following measuring instruments were used: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10); The General Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD)-2; The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2; European Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-VAS); Self-administered inventory of complaints (Hungarian questionnaire); Shortened (Hungarian) version of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire; 2 open-ended questions to examine the participants’ mood and ways of coping during the pandemic. The data of 431 participants were analyzed, their average age was 47.53 ± 11.66 years, and the percentage of females was 90%. The mean of participants’ scores were the following: 19.34 ± 7.97 for perceived stress, 73.05 ± 21.73 for health status, and 8.68 ± 4.65 for neurotic complaints. Thirty-four and one-tenth percent of participants were depressed, 36.2% were anxious, and they tended to use problem-focused coping strategies more frequently than emotion-focused ones. We found significant correlations between all of the seven examined psychological variables. Our results highlight the importance of stress management in the psychological support of healthy adults in quarantine situation caused by the coronavirus pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; questionnaire design; psychological stress; coping skills; health status; depression; anxiety COVID-19 pandemic; questionnaire design; psychological stress; coping skills; health status; depression; anxiety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szabó, C.; Pukánszky, J.; Kemény, L. Psychological Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Hungarian Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9565. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249565

AMA Style

Szabó C, Pukánszky J, Kemény L. Psychological Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Hungarian Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9565. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249565

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szabó, Csanád, Judit Pukánszky, and Lajos Kemény. 2020. "Psychological Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Hungarian Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9565. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17249565

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