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Article

A New Assessment for Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Schoolchildren: A Preliminary Study of its Psychometric Properties

1
Department of Medical-Surgical Therapeutics, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Department of Psychology and Anthropology, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Department of Education Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Department of Physiotherapy, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2673; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082673
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 9 April 2020 / Accepted: 12 April 2020 / Published: 13 April 2020
Background: Activities of daily living (ADL), which are divided into basic (BADL) and instrumental (IADL), allows us to survive and to live in the society. Cognitive skills are a key aspect in BADL outcomes. After reviewing existing BADL tools for Spanish schoolchildren, issues such as not covering the full age range or not having a BADL-centred vision were found. We aim to develop a new tool for BADL assessment in Spanish schoolchildren. Methods: The new tool was administered to 375 participants (47.2% boys and 52.8% girls) from 6 to 12 years of age. Analyses were carried out to find out the structure (semiconfirmatory factor analysis) and internal consistency (ordinal alpha) of BADL. Results: Four scales formed the instrument (Eating, Personal Hygiene, Getting Dressed, and General Functioning) with an interpretable solution of 12 factors (Manual Dexterity, Proprioception, Oral Sensitivity, Good Manners, Hygiene and Grooming, Toileting Needs Communication, Bladder and Bowel Control, Showering, Independent Dressing Tasks, Full Dressing, Executive Functions, and Self-Regulation) with 84 items + 6 qualitative items for girls. The reliability values obtained were acceptable (.70–.88). Conclusions: The tool seems to be a practical and reliable instrument to assess BADL and cognitive skills during BADL in Spanish schoolchildren. View Full-Text
Keywords: activities of daily living; executive function; emotional regulation; assessment; child activities of daily living; executive function; emotional regulation; assessment; child
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barrios-Fernández, S.; Gozalo, M.; García-Gómez, A.; Romero-Ayuso, D.; Hernández-Mocholí, M.Á. A New Assessment for Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Schoolchildren: A Preliminary Study of its Psychometric Properties. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2673. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082673

AMA Style

Barrios-Fernández S, Gozalo M, García-Gómez A, Romero-Ayuso D, Hernández-Mocholí MÁ. A New Assessment for Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Schoolchildren: A Preliminary Study of its Psychometric Properties. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2673. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082673

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barrios-Fernández, Sabina, Margarita Gozalo, Andrés García-Gómez, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, and Miguel Á. Hernández-Mocholí 2020. "A New Assessment for Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Schoolchildren: A Preliminary Study of its Psychometric Properties" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2673. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082673

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