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Article

Assessment of Potential Health Risks Associated with the Intake of Heavy Metals in Fish Harvested from the Largest Estuary in Colombia

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Departamento de Química, Laboratorio de Toxicología y gestión ambiental, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad de Córdoba, Carrera 6 No. 76-103 Montería 230002, Córdoba, Colombia
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Programa de Ingeniería Ambiental, Universidad de Pamplona, 543057 Pamplona, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2921; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082921
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 13 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 23 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment)
This study assesses the potential human health risks posed by six heavy metals (Hg, As, Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn) found in five of the most consumed fish species (Mugil incilis, Centropomus undecimalis, Cathorops mapale, Eugerres plumieri, and Elops smithi) collected by the riverine population living in Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (CGSM), the largest estuary in Colombia. Metal concentrations were low compared with those reported in other regions around the world and the maximum value established by international monitoring organizations. The estimation of the potential risk (HQ) indicated that Cu and Hg could generate negative effects in groups of women of childbearing age (WCA) and the remaining population (RP), because they exceeded their related reference doses, with HQ values > 1; however, Cu and Hg concentrations were not high in fish and EWI, MFW, or MeHgPSL values shows that there is no evidence of a potential health risk from MeHg exposure in the study population. Therefore, the recommendations are to establish continuous monitoring of heavy metals together with strategies that address the high fish consumption, as well as to implement mechanisms for the mitigation of contamination of the watershed, to ensure the safety of organisms in the ecosystem and human health, not only of populations who depend on aquatic resources in the area but also of those that market and consume these resources in the Colombian Caribbean. View Full-Text
Keywords: trace metals; fish; potential risk; human health; Colombia trace metals; fish; potential risk; human health; Colombia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pinzón-Bedoya, C.H.; Pinzón-Bedoya, M.L.; Pinedo-Hernández, J.; Urango-Cardenas, I.; Marrugo-Negrete, J. Assessment of Potential Health Risks Associated with the Intake of Heavy Metals in Fish Harvested from the Largest Estuary in Colombia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082921

AMA Style

Pinzón-Bedoya CH, Pinzón-Bedoya ML, Pinedo-Hernández J, Urango-Cardenas I, Marrugo-Negrete J. Assessment of Potential Health Risks Associated with the Intake of Heavy Metals in Fish Harvested from the Largest Estuary in Colombia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082921

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pinzón-Bedoya, Carlos H., Martha L. Pinzón-Bedoya, José Pinedo-Hernández, Iván Urango-Cardenas, and José Marrugo-Negrete. 2020. "Assessment of Potential Health Risks Associated with the Intake of Heavy Metals in Fish Harvested from the Largest Estuary in Colombia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2921. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph17082921

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