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Article

Integrating Geophysical and Photographic Data to Visualize the Quarried Structures of the Roman Town of Bassianae

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Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology, Hohe Warte 38, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Institute of Archaeology, Knez Mihailova 35/IV, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Knez Mihailova 35, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Department of Archaeology, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 35, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Austrian Archaeological Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Hollandstraße 11–13, 1020 Vienna, Austria
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ZAMG—Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Hohe Warte 38, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Vienna Institute for Archaeological Science, University of Vienna, Franz-Klein-Gasse 1, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Department of Prehistoric and Historical Archaeology, University of Vienna, Franz-Klein-Gasse 1, 1190 Vienna, Austria
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Institute for Medieval Research (IMAFO), Austrian Academy of Sciences, Hollandstraße 11–13, 1020 Vienna, Austria
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Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt—Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte, Richard-Wagner-Straße 9, 06114 Halle an der Saale, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vega Perez-Gracia, Oriol Caselles and Teresa Teixido
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(12), 2384; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13122384
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 18 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar Applications in Cultural Heritage)
Large parts of the urban layout of the abandoned Roman town of Bassianae (in present-day Serbia) are still discernible on the surface today due to the deliberate and targeted quarrying of the Roman foundations. In 2014, all of the town’s intramural (and some extramural) areas were surveyed using aerial photography, ground-penetrating radar, and magnetometry to analyze the site’s topography and to map remaining buried structures. The surveys showed a strong agreement between the digital surface model derived from the aerial photographs and the geophysical prospection data. However, many structures could only be detected by one method, underlining the benefits of a complementary archaeological prospection approach using multiple methods. This article presents the results of the extensive surveys and their comprehensive integrative interpretation, discussing Bassianae’s ground plan and urban infrastructure. Starting with an overview of this Roman town’s research history, we present the details of the triple prospection approach, followed by the processing, integrative analysis, and interpretation of the acquired data sets. Finally, this newly gained information is contrasted with a plan of Roman Bassianae compiled in 1935. View Full-Text
Keywords: Roman town; Bassianae; GPR; magnetometry; image-based modeling; UAS; archaeological prospection; Serbia Roman town; Bassianae; GPR; magnetometry; image-based modeling; UAS; archaeological prospection; Serbia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Filzwieser, R.; Ivanišević, V.; Verhoeven, G.J.; Gugl, C.; Löcker, K.; Bugarski, I.; Schiel, H.; Wallner, M.; Trinks, I.; Trausmuth, T.; Hinterleitner, A.; Marković, N.; Docter, R.; Daim, F.; Neubauer, W. Integrating Geophysical and Photographic Data to Visualize the Quarried Structures of the Roman Town of Bassianae. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 2384. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13122384

AMA Style

Filzwieser R, Ivanišević V, Verhoeven GJ, Gugl C, Löcker K, Bugarski I, Schiel H, Wallner M, Trinks I, Trausmuth T, Hinterleitner A, Marković N, Docter R, Daim F, Neubauer W. Integrating Geophysical and Photographic Data to Visualize the Quarried Structures of the Roman Town of Bassianae. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(12):2384. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13122384

Chicago/Turabian Style

Filzwieser, Roland, Vujadin Ivanišević, Geert J. Verhoeven, Christian Gugl, Klaus Löcker, Ivan Bugarski, Hannes Schiel, Mario Wallner, Immo Trinks, Tanja Trausmuth, Alois Hinterleitner, Nemanja Marković, Roald Docter, Falko Daim, and Wolfgang Neubauer. 2021. "Integrating Geophysical and Photographic Data to Visualize the Quarried Structures of the Roman Town of Bassianae" Remote Sensing 13, no. 12: 2384. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13122384

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