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Article

Evaluation of the Phytotoxicity of Leachate from a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill: The Case Study of Bukov Landfill

1
Department of Applied and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences–SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 02 776 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2020 / Revised: 2 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 13 December 2020
Municipal solid waste landfilling, landfilling process and landfill reclamation result in leachate, which may be dangerous to the environment. Municipal solid waste leachate phytotoxicity tests were performed using the toxicity test and a subchronic toxicity pot experiment by direct application of leachate to reference soil in 5, 25, and 50% concentration for a period of 28 days. White mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seeds were exposed to different leachate dilution. Leachate were collected monthly in 2018 in the period from April to September. Furthermore, pH, conductivity, and dissolved oxygen were measured. The inhibition results on Sinapis alba L. seeds in the tested leachate samples ranged from −18.02 to 39.03%. Lower concentration of leachate showed a stimulating effect (only for Sample 1 and Sample 2 at 5% concentration). It was found out that leachate taken at the landfill is phytotoxic. The results of measurements are based on rainfall which affects the quantity and quality of the leachate. The values of germinated seeds/growing plants from the subchronic toxicity pot experiment ranged from 80 to 104%; therefore, the leachate is considered phytotoxic. However, it was confirmed that leachate may be used for landfill irrigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfill; inhibition of root growth; subchronic toxicity pot experiment; Sinapis alba L. landfill; inhibition of root growth; subchronic toxicity pot experiment; Sinapis alba L.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šourková, M.; Adamcová, D.; Zloch, J.; Skutnik, Z.; Vaverková, M.D. Evaluation of the Phytotoxicity of Leachate from a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill: The Case Study of Bukov Landfill. Environments 2020, 7, 111. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments7120111

AMA Style

Šourková M, Adamcová D, Zloch J, Skutnik Z, Vaverková MD. Evaluation of the Phytotoxicity of Leachate from a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill: The Case Study of Bukov Landfill. Environments. 2020; 7(12):111. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments7120111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šourková, Markéta, Dana Adamcová, Jan Zloch, Zdzisław Skutnik, and Magdalena D. Vaverková. 2020. "Evaluation of the Phytotoxicity of Leachate from a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill: The Case Study of Bukov Landfill" Environments 7, no. 12: 111. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/environments7120111

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