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Article

Prevalence and Characterization of Coagulase Positive Staphylococci from Food Products and Human Specimens in Egypt

1
Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City 32897, Egypt
2
Department of Animal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City 32897, Egypt
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Division of Public Health, Veterinary Hospital, Khanka, Benha 13736, Egypt
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Department of Husbandry and Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City 32897, Egypt
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Department of Food Hygiene and Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City 32897, Egypt
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Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
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Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, Turabah University College, Taif University, Taif 21995, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Toukh 13736, Egypt
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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
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Center of Excellence for Screening of Environmental Contaminants, Benha University, Toukh 13736, Egypt
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Department of Food Hygiene and Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Toukh 13736, Egypt
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Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Toukh 13736, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 11 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Resistance: From Farm to Fork)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains have veterinary and public health importance as they are responsible for a wide range of difficult to treat infections and food poisoning. Two hundred samples (50 samples each of minced meat, beef luncheon, Karish cheese, and human samples (pus swab from open wounds)) were cultured, and MRSA strains were identified using disk diffusion tests and mecA gene-based PCR. A total of 35% (70/200) of the examined samples were confirmed as coagulase-positive S. aureus in minced meat (46%), beef luncheon (44%), Karish cheese (44%), and human samples (22%). The MRSA strains showed resistance to amoxicillin (91.4%), penicillin (97.1%), cefoxitin (85.7%), cephradine (82.9%), tetracycline (57.2%), and erythromycin (52.8%). More than half of the tested S. aureus isolates harbored the mecA gene. The sequence analysis of the mecA gene from the minced meat, Karish cheese, and human samples revealed high genetic similarities between the S. aureus isolates from these sources. In conclusion, our findings indicate a risk for the transmission of the mecA gene of S. aureus across the food chain between humans and animal food products. Further studies should focus on finding additional epidemiological aspects of the MRSA strains in food chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; antimicrobial resistance; food safety; food products; mecA gene Staphylococcus aureus; antimicrobial resistance; food safety; food products; mecA gene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdeen, E.E.; Mousa, W.S.; Abdelsalam, S.Y.; Heikal, H.S.; Shawish, R.R.; Nooruzzaman, M.; Soliman, M.M.; Batiha, G.E.; Hamad, A.; Abdeen, A. Prevalence and Characterization of Coagulase Positive Staphylococci from Food Products and Human Specimens in Egypt. Antibiotics 2021, 10, 75. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010075

AMA Style

Abdeen EE, Mousa WS, Abdelsalam SY, Heikal HS, Shawish RR, Nooruzzaman M, Soliman MM, Batiha GE, Hamad A, Abdeen A. Prevalence and Characterization of Coagulase Positive Staphylococci from Food Products and Human Specimens in Egypt. Antibiotics. 2021; 10(1):75. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdeen, Eman E., Walid S. Mousa, Sarah Y. Abdelsalam, Hanim S. Heikal, Reyad R. Shawish, Mohammed Nooruzzaman, Mohamed M. Soliman, Gaber E. Batiha, Ahmed Hamad, and Ahmed Abdeen. 2021. "Prevalence and Characterization of Coagulase Positive Staphylococci from Food Products and Human Specimens in Egypt" Antibiotics 10, no. 1: 75. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics10010075

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