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Article

Investigating Understandings of Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance in Diverse Ethnic Communities in Australia: Findings from a Qualitative Study

1
School of Social Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne 3800, Australia
2
School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne 3800, Australia
3
Monash Infectious Diseases, Melbourne 3168, Australia
4
School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne 3800, Australia
5
Infection Prevention and Healthcare Epidemiology Unit, Alfred Health, Melbourne 3181, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 19 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 2 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Antibiotics Use and Antimicrobial Stewardship)
This paper explores the understandings of antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) among ethnically diverse informants in Melbourne, Australia. A total of 31 face-to-face semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of ethnic in-patients who were admitted with an acquired antimicrobial infection in a public hospital (n = 7); five hospital interpreters; and ethnic members of the general community (n = 19) as part of a broader study of lay understandings of AMR. Thematic analysis revealed there was poor understanding of AMR, even among informants being treated for AMR infections. Causes of the increasing incidence of AMR were attributed to: weather fluctuations and climate change; a lack of environmental cleanliness; and the arrival of new migrant groups. Asian informants emphasized the need for humoral balance. Antibiotics were viewed as ‘strong’ medicines that could potentially disrupt this balance and weaken the body. Travel back to countries of origin sometimes involved the use of medical services and informants noted that some community members imported antibiotics from overseas. Most used the internet and social media to source health information. There is a lack of information in their own languages. More attention needs to be given to migrant communities who are vulnerable to the development, transmission and infection with resistant bacteria to inform future interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance; ethnicity; antibiotic; qualitative; lay understandings antimicrobial resistance; ethnicity; antibiotic; qualitative; lay understandings
MDPI and ACS Style

Whittaker, A.; Lohm, D.; Lemoh, C.; Cheng, A.C.; Davis, M. Investigating Understandings of Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance in Diverse Ethnic Communities in Australia: Findings from a Qualitative Study. Antibiotics 2019, 8, 135. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8030135

AMA Style

Whittaker A, Lohm D, Lemoh C, Cheng AC, Davis M. Investigating Understandings of Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance in Diverse Ethnic Communities in Australia: Findings from a Qualitative Study. Antibiotics. 2019; 8(3):135. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8030135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Whittaker, Andrea; Lohm, Davina; Lemoh, Chris; Cheng, Allen C.; Davis, Mark. 2019. "Investigating Understandings of Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Resistance in Diverse Ethnic Communities in Australia: Findings from a Qualitative Study" Antibiotics 8, no. 3: 135. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/antibiotics8030135

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