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Perception of and Motivation for Physical Activity among Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes

1
Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Oester Farimagsgade 5, 1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark
2
Health Promotion Research, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Niels Steensens Vej 6, 2820 Gentofte, Denmark
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary V. Seeman
Received: 17 April 2021 / Revised: 30 May 2021 / Accepted: 31 May 2021 / Published: 2 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Women 2021)
(1) Background: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This risk can be reduced with lifestyle interventions, including physical activity. However, studies have shown that many women with prior GDM are not physically active. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivation for physical activity among women with prior GDM. (2) Methods: A qualitative study was carried out based on a phenomenological approach using semi-structured individual interviews with nine Danish women between 29 and 36 years of age with a minimum of one earlier GDM-affected pregnancy. (3) Results: Five themes were identified; perception of physical activity, risk perception, emotional distress, competing priorities and social support. The perception of physical activity varied among the women. The GDM diagnosis or the awareness of elevated risk for T2DM did not seem to be a decisive factor for the women’s motivation to be active. Competing priorities, including being in control of everyday life choices and support from social relations, were found to be important motivational factors. (4) Conclusion: Future interventions for women with prior GDM to increase motivation for physical activity should be compatible with and take into account the women’s perceptions, earlier lived experiences, possible competing priorities and support systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: gestational diabetes; physical activity; perceptions; motivation; qualitative research; self-determination theory; Denmark gestational diabetes; physical activity; perceptions; motivation; qualitative research; self-determination theory; Denmark
MDPI and ACS Style

Jakobsen, J.B.S.; Brodersen, J.S.; Sheikh, Z.A.; Nielsen, K.K. Perception of and Motivation for Physical Activity among Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes. Women 2021, 1, 109-119. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1020010

AMA Style

Jakobsen JBS, Brodersen JS, Sheikh ZA, Nielsen KK. Perception of and Motivation for Physical Activity among Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes. Women. 2021; 1(2):109-119. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1020010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jakobsen, Julie B.S., Josefine S. Brodersen, Zainab A. Sheikh, and Karoline K. Nielsen 2021. "Perception of and Motivation for Physical Activity among Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes" Women 1, no. 2: 109-119. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/women1020010

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