Editor's Choice Articles

Editor’s Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. Editors select a small number of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field. The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal.

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Article
A Score for Predicting Freedom from Progression of Children and Adolescents with Hodgkin Lymphoma
Hemato 2021, 2(2), 264-280; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/hemato2020016 - 13 May 2021
Abstract
Several studies have examined the prognostic performance of therapeutic groups (TG) and early responses to therapy on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in children and adolescents with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL); less research has been performed on molecular parameters at diagnosis. The aim [...] Read more.
Several studies have examined the prognostic performance of therapeutic groups (TG) and early responses to therapy on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in children and adolescents with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL); less research has been performed on molecular parameters at diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to devise a scoring system based on the TG criteria for predicting freedom from progression (FFP) in 133 patients: 63.2% males; 14 years median age (interquartile range (IQR) 11.9–15.1); with cHL (108 nodular sclerosis (NS) subtype) treated according to the AIEOP LH-2004 protocol; and median 5.55 (IQR 4.09–7.93) years of follow-up. CHL progressed or relapsed in 37 patients (27.8%), the median FFP was 0.89 years (IQR = 0.59–1.54), and 14 patients (10.5%) died. The FPR (final prognostic rank) model associates the biological HLA-G SNP 3027C/A (numerical point assigned (pt) = 1) and absolute neutrophil count (>8 × 109/L, pt = 2) as variables with the TG (TG3, pt = 3). Results of FPR score analyses for FFP suggested that FPR model (Kaplan–Meier curves, log-rank test for trends) was better than the TG model. At diagnosis, high-risk patients classified at FPR rank 4 and 5 identified 18/22 patients who relapse during the follow-up. Full article
(This article belongs to the Section Lymphomas)
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Review

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Review
Inflammatory and Immune Disorders Associated with Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Hemato 2021, 2(2), 329-346; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/hemato2020019 - 24 May 2021
Abstract
Systemic auto-inflammatory or autoimmune diseases (SIADs) develop in up to a quarter of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). With or without the occurrence of SIADs, the distribution of MDS subtypes and the international or CMML-specific prognostic scoring systems [...] Read more.
Systemic auto-inflammatory or autoimmune diseases (SIADs) develop in up to a quarter of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). With or without the occurrence of SIADs, the distribution of MDS subtypes and the international or CMML-specific prognostic scoring systems have been similar between MDS/CMML patients. Moreover, various SIADs have been described in association with MDS, ranging from limited clinical manifestations to systemic diseases affecting multiple organs. Defined clinical entities including systemic vasculitis, connective tissue diseases, inflammatory arthritis and neutrophilic diseases are frequently reported; however, unclassified or isolated organ impairment can also be seen. Although the presence of SIADs does not impact the overall survival nor disease progression to acute myeloid leukemia, they can help with avoiding steroid dependence and make associated adverse events of immunosuppressive drugs challenging. While therapies using steroids and immunosuppressive treatment remain the backbone of first-line treatment, increasing evidence suggests that MDS specific therapy (hypomethylating agents) and sparing steroids may be effective in treating such complications based on their immunomodulatory effect. The aim of this review was to analyze the epidemiological, pathophysiological, clinical and therapeutic factors of systemic inflammatory and immune disorders associated with MDS. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in the Treatment of Myelodysplastic Syndrome)
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