Special Issue "Alcohol and Substance Use in Adolescents"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Adolescents".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Albert Espelt
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
1. Manresa Faculty of Health Sciences (UVic-UCC), 08242 Manresa, Spain
2. CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Interests: social epidemiology; alcohol use; adolescent health; social inequalities in health; drug addiction
Prof. Dr. Marina Bosque-Prous
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, 08018 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: alcohol; substance use; public health; epidemiology; social determinants of health; planetary health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Adolescence is a period of physical and psychological changes in which adolescents build their identity, peer groups are reinforced, and they start taking their own decisions. During this period of life, they start seeking new limits with risky health behaviors, such as experimenting with legal and illegal drugs. Factors that can explain adolescents’ risky health behaviors can be related to individual and contextual aspects. In this way, on the one hand, individual aspects such as the socio-economic position, the relationship with parents, nationality, age, gender, or parental marital status have been related to adolescents’ physical and mental health as well as their risk behaviors. On the other hand, contextual aspects such as the socioeconomic environment in which they live and relate to others have also been related with risky health behaviors at different levels (e.g., the school, neighborhood, or community level). Studying and being able to understand which are the factors that determine adolescents’ alcohol or substance use is crucial, as health-related habits that are acquired at early ages are kept until adult life. Social health determinants are one of the main factors influencing health and health behaviors, which generate social inequalities of health. This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the current state of knowledge on the links between social determinats of health and alcohol and substance use in adolescents. Papers assessing preventive or polcy approaches to alcohol and substance use in adolescents are also invited for this Special Issue. New research papers, reviews, and case reports are welcome to this Issue. Papers dealing with new approaches to studying alcohol and substance use in adolescents are also welcome.

Dr. Albert Espelt
Prof. Dr. Marina Bosque-Prous
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • alcohol use
  • substance use
  • adolescence
  • social determinants of health
  • social inequalities

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Club Drug Use among Secondary Vocational Students in China
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10408; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph181910408 - 03 Oct 2021
Viewed by 522
Abstract
To understand the prevalence of and factors associated with club drug use among Chinese secondary vocational students, a nationally representative survey was conducted. The multistage cluster sampling strategy was employed to select participants. A total of 9469 students from eleven secondary vocational schools [...] Read more.
To understand the prevalence of and factors associated with club drug use among Chinese secondary vocational students, a nationally representative survey was conducted. The multistage cluster sampling strategy was employed to select participants. A total of 9469 students from eleven secondary vocational schools in five cities completed self-reported questionnaires, which included information on club drug use, sociodemographic variables, individual factors, as well as peer and family related factors. The data were separately analyzed with Poisson regression models for female and male students. The overall lifetime prevalence of club drug use was 2.7% (258/9469), and male students had higher prevalence than female students (3.5% vs. 1.9%, p < 0.001). Female and male students shared four risk factors (i.e., having ever smoked, perceiving social benefit expectancies, peer drug using and perceiving peer’s approval of drug use) and one protective factor (i.e., having medium or high levels of refusal skills) for club drug use. Moreover, family drug using and having a part-time job were two additionally independent risk factors for club drug use among male students. These findings indicate that the problem of club drug use among Chinese secondary vocational students is worthy of attention. The prevention of club drug use should address multiple risks and protective factors on individual, peer and family levels. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Substance Use in Adolescents)
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Article
Contextual Determinants in Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Consumption, Mood and Bullying during Adolescence
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8480; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18168480 - 11 Aug 2021
Viewed by 477
Abstract
The present study aimed to explore the differences in the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis, mood and bullying between adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out in five regions of Northern Spain (one in Galiza and four in central Catalonia) that share [...] Read more.
The present study aimed to explore the differences in the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis, mood and bullying between adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out in five regions of Northern Spain (one in Galiza and four in central Catalonia) that share similar socioeconomic characteristics and encompass around 10,000 inhabitants each. Students living in Burela, Galiza (N = 71) were compared to those of Central Catalonia (N = 193). The independent variable was the municipality of residence. The dependent variables encompassed: weekly available pocket money, Family Affluence Scale, self-classified academic qualification, place of origin, alcohol consumption, tobacco and cannabis smoking, negative mood and bullying. The mean age and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of participants were similar between the regions (Burela: 15.90 years (15.68–16.13) and Central Catalonia: 15.36 years (15.28–15.44)). More than half of the participants were females (Burela, Galiza (53.5%) and Catalonia (54.9%)). Prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% CI were estimated using Poisson regression models. In comparison with adolescents from Burela (Galiza), those living in Central Catalonia had higher prevalence of diverse academic levels (adjusted PR = 3.92 (1.78–8.66)), tobacco consumption (adjusted PR = 2.41 (1.47–3.97)) and negative mood (adjusted PR = 5.97 (3.05–11.70)). Even when dealing with regions with similar socioeconomic characteristics and number of inhabitants, differences exist in terms of the socioeconomic level, tobacco consumption, mood and bullying, as reported by adolescents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Substance Use in Adolescents)
Article
Consumption of Alcohol, Cannabis, and Tobacco in a Cohort of Adolescents before and during COVID-19 Confinement
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7849; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18157849 - 24 Jul 2021
Viewed by 1246
Abstract
The aim of this study was to identify changes in the hazardous consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis, due to the COVID-19 lockdown in 2020 in a cohort of schooled adolescents from Central Catalonia. We also analyzed the effect of the individual and [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to identify changes in the hazardous consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis, due to the COVID-19 lockdown in 2020 in a cohort of schooled adolescents from Central Catalonia. We also analyzed the effect of the individual and social factors on risky consumption during confinement. This longitudinal study involved a subsample of 303 adolescents aged 14–18 years, who were attending 4th year of compulsory secondary education (ESO), 2nd year of college preparation (baccalaureate), or Vocational and Educational Training (VET). We collected data before COVID-19 lockdown (October 2019–February 2020) and 2 months after the lockdown ended. We estimated the prevalence of risky substance use in the sample at baseline for each independent variable. We used Poisson regression models with robust variance to compute the Cumulative Incidence (CI) and Relative Risk (RR), with their respective 95% confidence interval. We found that VET students had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher risk of substance use: binge drinking (RR = 3.21 (95%CI: 1.00–10.34)); hazardous drinking of alcohol (RR = 3.75 (95%CI: 1.12–12.54)), hazardous consumption of cannabis (RR = 3.75 (95%CI: 0.65–21.59)) and daily smoking of tobacco (RR = 4.82 (95%CI: 1.74–13.39)). The results showed a general trend of reduction of consumption during COVID-19 confinement period. This study suggests that VET students were more likely to engage in hazardous drinking of alcohol and daily smoking of tobacco. No statistically significant differences were found for the other age groups and variables. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Substance Use in Adolescents)
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Article
Personal Variables of Protection against Cannabis Use in Adolescence: The Roles of Emotional Intelligence, Coping Styles, and Assertiveness as Associated Factors
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5576; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115576 - 23 May 2021
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Abstract
(1) Background: Many public bodies have warned of the increased consumption of cannabis, particularly among adolescents. From the Positive Youth Development approach, the promotion of personal protective factors takes on special importance against some risks, such as the consumption of addictive substances. (2) [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Many public bodies have warned of the increased consumption of cannabis, particularly among adolescents. From the Positive Youth Development approach, the promotion of personal protective factors takes on special importance against some risks, such as the consumption of addictive substances. (2) Methods: This research is one of the first to study the role of trait and ability emotional intelligence in relation to cannabis use and with respect to other personal variables of protection, such as coping styles and assertiveness. For this purpose, a final sample of 799 schoolchildren was obtained. (3) Results: After controlling for age and gender, the results of the regression analyses revealed that emotional perception, emotional facilitation, emotional clarity, emotional repair, active coping style, and assertiveness were inversely and significantly associated with cannabis use behaviors. On the other hand, the emotional attention and avoidant coping style factors were positively and significantly associated with these behaviors. (4) Conclusions: These findings provide new evidence that could be useful in terms of guiding health-promoting clinical and educational interventions at an early age. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Substance Use in Adolescents)
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